1887

Abstract

A taxonomic study was performed on 26 strains isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes of the Vestfold Hills and the McMurdo Dry Valleys. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed these strains within the group of the -subclass of the . Sequence similarity values for the strains with their nearest phylogenetic neighbours (, and ) ranged between 94·0 and 95·8 %. DNA–DNA hybridizations and comparison of repetitive extragenic palindromic DNA–PCR (rep-PCR) fingerprinting patterns revealed that these strains are members of three distinct species. The isolates are Gram-negative, chemoheterotrophic, non-motile rods and their DNA G+C contents range from 59·4 to 66·4 mol%. Whole-cell fatty acid profiles are similar and the primary fatty acid in all the strains is 18 : 1 7 (74·1–87·7 % of total). Genotypic results together with phenotypic characteristics allowed the differentiation of these species from related recognized species of the - and the strains are assigned to a new genus, gen. nov., with three novel species: sp. nov. (type species), consisting of ten strains with LMG 21507 (=CIP 108322) as type strain; sp. nov., consisting of 12 strains with LMG 22007 (=CIP 108323) as type strain; and sp. nov., consisting of four strains with LMG 22003 (=CIP 108321) as type strain.

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2004-07-01
2019-12-13
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vol. , part 4, pp. 1263–1269

Normalized rep-PCR profiles and a dendrogram are available to download. [PDF](420KB)



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