1887

Abstract

A total of 76 strains of coryneform bacteria belonging to the genera , and were divided into four groups on the basis of their cellular fatty acid compositions. Cells with saturated and monounsaturated straight-chain fatty acids were designated type I. Strains in this group had -diaminopimelic acid and arabinogalactan in their cell walls. In some strains, 10-methyl fatty acids were found. Type I was divided into six subtypes based on fatty acid composition. Type II cells contained iso-anteiso acids and were found in 43 strains of , and coryneform bacteria with diaminobutyric acid-peptidoglycan. Small differences in fatty acid composition were found among the strains of this type, and the fatty acid compositions of type II strains varied remarkably depending on the media used. Type III strains were characterized by the presence of ω-cyclohexyl fatty acids. In two strains of , approximately 60% of the cellular fatty acid was ω-cyclohexyl undecanoic acid. Type IV strains had highly complex patterns of iso, anteiso, normal, saturated, unsaturated, 10-methyl, and 2-hydroxy fatty acids. Five strains of , and “” possessed this type of fatty acid composition.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-33-2-188
1983-04-01
2023-01-31
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/33/2/ijs-33-2-188.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-33-2-188&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Barksdale L., Lanéelle M. A., Pollice M. C., Asselineau J., Welby M., Norgard M.V. 1979; Biological and chemical basis for the reclassification of Microbacterium flavum Orla-Jensen as Corynebacterium flavescens nom. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 29:222–233
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bowie I. S., Grigor M. R., Dunckiey G. G., Loutit M. W., Loutit J.S. 1972; The DNA base composition and fatty acid constitution of some gram-positive pleomorphic soil bacteria. Soil Biol. Biochem 4:397–412
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Collins M. D., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D.E. 1979; Isoprenoid quinones in the classification of coryneform and related bacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol 110:127–136
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Collins M. D., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D.E. 1980; Fatty acid, isoprenoid quinone and polar lipid composition in the classification of Curtobacterium and related taxa. J. Gen. Microbiol 118:29–37
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Collins M. D., Jones D. 1980; Lipids in the classification and identification of coryneform bacteria containing peptidoglycans based on 2, 4-diaminobutyric acid. J. Appl. Bacteriol 48:459–470
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Collins M. D., Jones D., Keddie R. M., Sneath P. H. A. 1980; Reclassification of Chromobacterium iodinum (Davis) in a redefined genus Brevibacterium (Breed) as Brevibacterium iodinum nom. rev., comb. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol 120:1–10
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Collins M. D., Pirouz T., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. E. 1977; Distribution of menaquinones in actinomycetes and corynebacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol 100:221–230
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Crombach W. H. J. 1972; DNA base composition of soil arthrobacters and other coryneforms from cheese and sea fish. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. Serol 38:105–120
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Crombach W. H. J. 1974; Relationships among coryne- form bacteria from soil, cheese, and sea fish. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. Serol 40:347–359
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Crombach W. H. J. 1978; Caseobacter polymorphus gen. nov., sp. nov., a coryneform bacterium from cheese. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 28:354–366
    [Google Scholar]
  11. De Rosa M., Gambacorta A., Minale L., Bu’lock J. D. 1971; Cyclohexane fatty acids from a thermophilic bacterium. Chem. Commun. p. 1334..
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Fiedler F., Kandler O. 1973; Die Mureintypen in der Gattung Cellulomonas Bergey et al. Arch. Mirobiol 89:41–50
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Fiedler F., Schäffler M. J. , Stackebrandt E. 1981; Biochemical and nucleic acid hybridisation studies on Brevibacterium linens and related strains. Arch. Microbiol 129:85–93
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hippchen B., Roll A., Poralla K. 1981; Occurrence in soil of thermo-acidophilic bacilli possessing ω-cyclohexane fatty acids and hopanoids. Arch. Microbiol 129:53–55
    [Google Scholar]
  15. lizuka H., Komagata K. 1965; Microbiological studies on petroleum and natural gas. III. Determination of Brevibacterium, Arthrobacter, Micrococcus, Sarcina, Alcaligenes, and Achromobacter isolated from oil-brines in Japan. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 11:1–14
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Ikemoto S., Kato K., Komagata K. 1978; Cellular fatty acid composition in methanol-utilizing bacteria. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 24:41–49
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Ikemoto S., Kuraishi H., Komagata K., Azuma R., Suto T., Murooka H. 1978; Cellular fatty acid composition in Pseudomonas species. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 24:199–213
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Kaneda T. 1977; Fatty acids of the genus Bacillus: an example of branched-chain preference. Bacteriol. Rev 41:391–418
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kates M. 1964; Bacterial lipids. Adv. Lipid Res 2:17–90
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kawaguchi A., Seyama Y., Sasaki K., Okuda S., Yamakawa T. 1979; Thermal regulation of fatty acid synthetase from Brevibacterium ammoniagenes . J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 85:865–869
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Keddie R. M. 1978; What do we mean by coryneform bacteria?. 1–12 Bousfield I. J., Callely A.G. Coryneform bacteria Academic Press, Inc; London:
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Keddie R. M., Bousfield I.J. 1980; Cell wall composition in the classification and identification of coryneform bacteria, p. 167–188 Goodfellow M. , Board R.G. Microbiological classification and identification Academic Press, Inc.; London:
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Keddie R. M., Cure G.L. 1977; The cell wall composition and distribution of free mycolic acids in named strains of coryneform bacteria and in isolates from various natural sources. J. Appl. Bacteriol 42:229–252
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Komagata K., lizuka H. 1964; New species of Brevibacterium isolated from rice. Studies on the microorganisms of cereal grains, part VII. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 38:496–502
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Komura I., Yamada K., Otsuka S., Komagata K. 1975; Taxonomic significance of phospholipids in coryneform and nocardioform bacteria. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 21:251–261
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Lanéelle M. A., Asselineau J., Welby M., Norgard M. V., Imaeda T., Pollice M. C., Barksdale L. 1980; Biological and chemical bases for the reclassification of Brevibacterium vitarumen (Bechdel et al. ) Breed (Approved Lists, 1980) as Corynebacterium vitarumen (Bechdel et al. ) comb. nov. and Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo (Approved Lists, 1980) as Corynebacterium liquefaciens (Okabayashi and Masuo) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 30:539–546
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Lennarz W. J. 1966; Lipid metabolism in the bacteria. Adv. Lipid Res 4:175–225
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Maxwell J. R., Pillinger C. T., Eglington G. 1971; Organic geochemistry. Q. Rev. Chem. Soc 25:571–628
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Minnikin D. E., Collins M. D., Goodfellow M. 1979; Fatty acid and polar lipid composition in the classification of Cellulomonas, Oerskovia, and related taxa. J. Appl. Bacteriol 47:87–95
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Minnikin D. E., Goodfellow M. 1980; Lipid composition in the classification and identification of acid-fast bacteria, p. 189–256 Goodfellow M. , Board R.G. Microbiological classification and identification Academic Press, Inc.; London:
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Minnikin D. E., Goodfellow M., Collins M.D. 1978; Lipid composition in the classification and identification of coryneform and related taxa, p. 85–160 Bousfield I. J., Callely A.G. Coryneform bacteria Academic Press, Inc; London:
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Oshima M., Ariga T. 1975; ω-Cyclohexyl fatty acids in acidophilic thermophilic bacteria. Studies on their presence, structure, and biosynthesis using precursors labeled with stable isotopes and radioisotopes. J. Biol. Chem 250:6963–6968
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Oshima M., Miyagawa A. 1974; Comparative studies on the fatty acid composition of moderately and extremely thermophilic bacteria. Lipids 9:476–480
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Oyaizu H., Komagata K. 1981; Chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characterization of the strains of species in the Flavobacterium-Cytophaga. complex. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 27:57–107
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Rogosa M., Cummins C. S., Lelliot R. A., Keddie R.M. 1974; Coryneform group of bacteria, p. 599–617 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N.E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Schleifer R. H., Kandler O. 1972; Peptidoglycan types of bacterial cell walls and their taxonomic implications. Bacteriol. Rev 36:407–477
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Skerman V. B. D., McGowan V., Sneath P. H. A. 1980; Approved lists of bacterial names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 30:225–420
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Skyring G. W., Quadling C. 1970; Soil bacteria: a principal component analysis and guanine-cytosine contents of some arthrobacter-coryneform soil isolates and of some named cultures. Can. J. Microbiol 16:95–106
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Stackebrandt E., Fiedler F. 1979; DNA-DNA homology studies among strains of Arthrobacter and Brevibac-terium. Arch. Microbiol 120:289–295
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Stackebrandt E., Kandler O. 1979; Taxonomy of the genus Cellulomonas, based on phenotypic characters and deoxyribonucleic acid-deoxyribonucleic acid homology, and proposal of seven neotype strains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 29:273–282
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Stackebrandt E., Lewis B. J., Woese C.R. 1980; The phylogenetic structure of the coryneform group of bacteria. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infectionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C 1:137–149
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Suzuki K., Kaneko T., Komagata K. 1981; Deoxyri-bonucleic acid homologies among coryneform bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 31:131–138
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Suzuki K., Saito K., Kawaguchi A., Okuda S., Komagata K. 1981; Occurrence of ω-cyclohexy fatty acids in Curtobacterium pusillum strains. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 27:261–266
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Uchida K., Aida K. 1977; Acyl type of bacterial cell wail: its simple identification by colorimetric method. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 23:249–260
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Uchida K., Aida K. 1979; Taxonomic significance of cell-wall acyl type in Corynebacterium-Mycobacterium- Nocardia group by a glycolate test. J. Gen. Appl. Micro-biol 25:169–183
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Urakami T., Komagata K. 1979; Cellular fatty acid composition and coenzyme Q system in gram-negative methanol-utilizing bacteria. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 25:343–360
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Yamada K., Komagata K. 1970; Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. II. Principal amino acids in the cell wall and their taxonomic significance. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 16:103–113
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Yamada K., Komagata K. 1970; Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. III. DNA base composition of coryneform bacteria. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 16:215–224
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Yamada K., Komagata K. 1972; Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. V. Classification of coryneform bacteria. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 18:417–431
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Yamada Y., Inoue G., Tahara Y., Kondo K. 1976; The menaquinone system in the classification of coryneform and nocardioform bacteria and related organisms. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 22:203–214
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Yano I., Furukawa Y., Kusunose M. 1970; 2-Hydroxy fatty acid-containing phospholipid of Arthrobacter simplex . Biochim. Biophys. Acta 210:105–115
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-33-2-188
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-33-2-188
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error