Although the first validly published and legitimate name given to the agent of avian tuberculosis was Sternberg 1892, the name that has been used for this organism for decades is Chester 1901. Despite there being some question concerning the validity of publication of the name Chester and regardless of the fact that the specific epithet is illegitimate because it is antedated by the Judicial Commission, in the interest of stability in nomenclature, conserved against and all earlier objective synonyms in the scientific name of the agent of avian tuberculosis. Although Chester used the name “ (Kruse) Lehmann and Neumann” for this organism, subsequent authors have attributed the name to Chester. The Judicial Commission also ruled that the name shall be held to be validly published by Chester in 1901. The neotype strain of is ATCC 25291.


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