1887

Abstract

A novel thermophilic phototrophic purple sulphur bacterium was isolated from microbial mats (56 °C) at Nakabusa hot springs, Nagano prefecture, Japan. Cells were motile, rod-shaped, stain Gram-negative and stored sulphur globules intracellularly. Bacteriochlorophyll and carotenoids of the normal spirilloxanthin series were the major pigments. Dense liquid cultures were red in colour. Strain No.7 was able to grow photoautotrophically using sulfide, thiosulfate, sulfite and hydrogen (in the presence of sulfide) as electron donors and bicarbonate as the sole carbon source. Optimum growth occurred under anaerobic conditions in the light at 50 °C (range, 40–56 °C) and pH 7.2 (range, pH 7–8). Major fatty acids were C (46.8 %), C ω7 (19.9 %), C ω7 (21.1 %), C (4.6 %) and C (2.4 %). The polar lipid profile showed phosphatidylglycerol and unidentified aminophospholipids to be the major lipids. The only quinone detected was ubiquinone-8. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons indicated that the novel bacterium is only distantly related to with a nucleotide identity of 90.4 %. The phylogenetic analysis supported the high novelty of strain No.7 with a long-branching phylogenetic position within the next to . The genome comprised a circular chromosome of 2.99 Mbp (2 989 870 bp), included no plasmids and had a DNA G+C content of 61.2 mol%. Polyphasic taxonomic analyses of the isolate suggested strain No.7 is a novel genus within the . The proposed genus name of the second truly thermophilic purple sulphur bacterium is gen. nov. with the type species sp. nov. (DSM 110881=JCM 39101).

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • Donald A. Bryant , NASA exobiology , (Award NNX16SJ62G)
  • Mohit Kumar Saini , Tokyo Human Resources for City Diplomacy Scholarship Program
  • Mohit Kumar Saini , Institute for Fermentation, Osaka
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2020-09-15
2020-09-20
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