1887

Abstract

A novel Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic bacterium that has a rod-like shape with a single polar flagellum in the exponential phase of growth and a spherical or ovoid shape without a flagellum in the stationary phase was isolated from a mangrove wetland sediment sample collected at Beilun Estuary National Nature Reserve, Guangxi Province, PR China and designated strain ZS-4. This strain grew optimally at pH 6.0–8.0, at a temperature of 37 °C and in the presence of 3–4 % (w/v) NaCl. Its polar lipid profile included phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid and two uncharacterized lipids. Ubiquinone 8 (Q-8) was the sole respiratory quinone and the cellular fatty acids were dominated by Cω8 and C. A phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain ZS-4 exhibited its highest similarities to the type strains HMF4135 (97.8 %) and GJSW-36 (95.9 %). A whole genome-level comparison of strain ZS-4 with MCCC 1K03283 revealed an average nucleotide identity value of 75.6 % and a calculated DNA–DNA hybridization value of 19.6 %. In addition, the genomic DNA G+C content of strain ZS-4 was 45.9 mol%. Thus, based on analyses of its morphology, physiology, fatty acid composition and 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain ZS-4 should be considered a novel species of the genus , with the proposed name sp. nov. The type strain is ZS-4 (=KCTC 72399=MCCC 1K03630).

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2019-11-01
2019-11-22
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