1887

Abstract

The phylum Acidobacteria was created in 1997 in order to accommodate a large number of 16S rRNA gene sequences retrieved from various environments in cultivation-independent studies. At present, 26 major sequence clades or subdivisions (SDs) are recognized within this phylum, but only seven of them (SDs 1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 23) are commonly addressed as containing taxonomically described representatives. Here, we examined the currently explored diversity within the Acidobacteria using the candidate taxonomic unit circumscription system. Based on this analysis, 26 subdivisions were assigned to 15 class-level units, five of which contain described members. These include three earlier established classes Acidobacteriia , Blastocatellia and Holophagae , as well as two as-yet-undescribed groups defined by SDs 6 and 23, which we propose to name Vicinamibacteria classis nov. and Thermoanaerobaculia classis nov., respectively. The former assignment of Thermotomaculum hydrothermale to SD10 was found to be incorrect. This bacterium, therefore, was placed in the family Thermotomaculaceae fam. nov., order Thermotomaculales ord. nov. within the class Holophagae . We also propose establishing a number of high-level taxa to accommodate described representatives of SDs 3, 4, 6 and 23. The family Bryobacteraceae of SD3 Acidobacteria is placed in the order Bryobacterales ord. nov. within the taxonomic range of the class Acidobacteriia . The order Vicinamibacteriales ord. nov. is proposed to accommodate the family Vicinamibacteriaceae of SD6 Acidobacteria . Finally, the family Thermoanaerobaculaceae fam. nov., the order Thermoanaerobaculales ord. nov. are proposed to accommodate the only described representative of SD23, Thermoanaerobaculum aquaticum .

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2018-10-16
2019-08-19
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