1887

Abstract

Seven endophytic strains were isolated from the halophyte Halimione portulacoides, collected from Ria de Aveiro, Portugal. To determine their exact taxonomic position, comparative analyses were performed with these strains and closely related type strains of Salinicola species. Genome sequencing and comparison indicated that five of the seven isolated strains comprised distinct and novel species (average nucleotide identity <0.95; in silico DNA–DNA hybridization <70 %; G+C difference >1 %). Multilocus sequence analysis was performed using gyrB, rpoD and 16S rRNA gene sequences from the novel and type strains to determine their phylogenetic positions. The novel strains are facultative anaerobes, mesophilic, facultative alkaliphic and halophilic, test positive for catalase and oxidase activities, for hydrolysis of Tween 20 and phosphate, for production of indole-3-acetic acid, but do not produce H2S. Ubiquinone UQ-9 is present in major amounts in all strains. The major fatty acids include C16 : 0 and the summed feature containing C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c. The DNA G+C content ranges from 60.6 to 65.8 mol%. Five strains were confirmed as new species belonging to the genus Salinicola , for which the names Salinicola halimionae sp. nov. (type strain CPA60=CECT 9338=LMG 30107), Salinicola aestuarinus sp. nov. (type strain CPA62=CECT 9339=LMG 30108), Salinicola endophyticus sp. nov. (type strain CPA92=CECT 9340=LMG 30109), Salinicola halophyticus sp. nov. (type strain CR45=CECT 9341=LMG 30105) and Salinicola lusitanus sp. nov. (type strain CR50=CECT 9342=LMG 30106) are proposed.

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2018-11-12
2019-12-13
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