1887

Abstract

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile bacterium, designated strain S2-C, was isolated from an estuary sediment in South Korea and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic investigation. Cells were catalase- and oxidase-positive rods without gliding motility. Growth of strain S2-C was observed at 15–40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.5–9.0 (optimum, pH 6.5–7.5) and in the presence of 0–7.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0–2 %). Only ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) was detected as the isoprenoid quinone and iso-C, iso-C, summed feature 9 (comprising iso-Cω9 and/or C 10-methyl), iso-C, iso-C 3-OH and iso-C were found to be the major cellular fatty acids. Strain S2-C contained phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol as the major polar lipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 63.8 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, revealed that strain S2-C formed a distinct phyletic lineage within the genus . Strain S2-C was most closely related to GH1-9 with 97.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and the DNA–DNA relatedness value between strain S2-C and the type strain of was 45.7 ± 2.2 %. On the basis of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular features, strain S2-C clearly represents a novel species of the genus , for which the name sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S2-C ( = KACC 18502 = JCM 31130).

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2016-03-01
2020-01-18
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