1887

Abstract

A novel thermophilic bacterium, strain KW1, was isolated from a coastal hydrothermal field on the Satsuma Peninsula, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The variably Gram-stained cells were motile rods with flagella, did not form spores and proliferated at 52–78 °C (optimum, 70 °C), pH 5–8 (optimum, pH 7) and 0–4.5 % NaCl (optimum, 1.0 %). The novel isolate was a strictly aerobic heterotroph that utilized complex proteinaceous substrates as well as a variety of carboxylic acids and amino acids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 70.8 mol%. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain KW1 is closely related to C21 (98.4 % sequence similarity). However, the DNA–DNA hybridization value for strain KW1 and ATCC BAA-137 was below 46 %. On the basis of the molecular and physiological traits of strain KW1, it represents a novel species of the genus , for which the name sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KW1 (=JCM 13210=DSM 17372).

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2006-07-01
2019-09-21
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