1887

Abstract

A rare, cellulose-decomposing myxobacterium is described, and a new genus name, , is proposed for it. The organism is almost certainly identical to the species ‘ Thaxter 1897 , and that species epithet is therefore revived for the novel bacterium: the type strain of gen. nov., sp. nov., nom. rev. is strain By c2 (=DSM 14553=CIP 108850). The G+C content of its DNA is 69.9 mol%. The 16S rRNA gene sequence shows that the species belongs to the family , suborder ‘’, of the . An emended description of the organism is given.

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2006-10-01
2020-01-25
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vol. , part 10, pp. 2357 - 2363

IMAGE

Migrating pseudoplasmodia of By c2 deposit wrinkled, parchment-like slime tracks. Bar, 570 µm.

IMAGE

A knob of piled up vegetative cells of the myxobacterium By c2 , resembling a fruiting body. On the surface of a water agar plate with a streak of autoclaved . The diameter of the base of the mass is approximately 140 µm.

IMAGE

A knob of piled up vegetative cells of the myxobacterium By c2 , resembling a fruiting body. On the surface of a water agar plate with a streak of autoclaved . The diameter of the base of the mass is approximately 140 µm.

IMAGE

Rarely, cup-shaped structures arise from By c2 . Bar, 380 µm.

IMAGE

Sometimes, strains are isolated (in this case strain Pl 10973), tentatively identified as , that also grow as pseudoplasmodia resembling those of . Bar, 260 µm.

IMAGE

Growth of By c2 in the form of a coherent swarm emerging from an agar block used as the inoculum (top) and from the edge of a piece of macerated filter paper on yeast agar (bottom). Typical myxobacterial swarm colonies with long, radial veins have developed. Bars, 2150 µm.

IMAGE

Growth of By c2 in the form of a coherent swarm emerging from an agar block used as the inoculum (top) and from the edge of a piece of macerated filter paper on yeast agar (bottom). Typical myxobacterial swarm colonies with long, radial veins have developed. Bars, 2150 µm.

IMAGE

Crystals in macerated filter paper arising from cultures of By c2 . Bar, 30 µm.

IMAGE

Crystals in macerated filter paper arising from cultures of By c2 . Bar, 30 µm.

IMAGE

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