1887

Abstract

A novel butyrate-producing bacterium, strain 1y-2, was isolated from a stool sample of a 1-year-old, healthy Dutch infant. The isolate was obtained by using lactate and acetate as sources of carbon and energy. The strain was Gram-variable, strictly anaerobic and spore-forming and formed curly rod-shaped cells that fermented glucose into butyrate, lactate, formate and acetate as main products. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 44.5 mol% and its major cellular fatty acids were C, iso-C I and C. Strain 1y-2 was related to DSM 14662 based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, with 3 % divergence, but hybridization studies of their genomic DNA revealed only 33 % relatedness. Moreover, strain 1y-2 showed marked physiological and biochemical differences from known species of the genus . Based on phylogenetic, chemotypic and phenotypic criteria, we propose that strain 1y-2 should be classified in the genus within a novel species, sp. nov. The type strain is 1y-2 ( = DSM 26241 = KCTC 15316).

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • European Research Council (Award 250172-Microbes Inside)
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2014-03-01
2021-04-19
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