1887

Abstract

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped, non-flagellated, non-spore-forming and gliding marine bacterium, designated strain CC-AMZ-304, was isolated from coastal surface seawater near Taichung harbour, Taiwan. Strain CC-AMZ-304 predominantly synthesized zeaxanthin and thus formed yellow colonies on marine agar. The novel strain showed an unstable phylogenetic position, although sharing high pairwise 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 95.9–94.9, 95.7 and 95.1–93.9 % with species ( = 4), SC17 and species ( = 7), respectively. The polar lipid profile of strain CC-AMZ-304 consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, five unidentified lipids, one unidentified phospholipid, two unidentified aminolipids and one unidentified glycolipid. The major (>5 % of the total) fatty acids were iso-C, iso-C G, iso-C 3-OH, iso-C 3-OH and Cω5. The DNA G+C content was 36.0 mol%. Menaquinone-6 (MK-6) was the sole respiratory quinone and the major polyamine was triamine -homospermidine. Phylogenetic distinctiveness, unique polar lipid composition, presence of significant amounts of branched hydroxyl fatty acids (iso-C 3-OH and iso-C 3-OH) and a low amount of anteiso-C, and several additional distinguishing biochemical features clearly discriminated strain CC-AMZ-304 from the type species of the genera and . Thus, based on data from the present polyphasic study, strain CC-AMZ-304 is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus within the family , for which the name gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain of is CC-AMZ-304 ( = JCM 18557 = BCRC 80463). Emended descriptions of the genera and are also proposed.

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2014-01-01
2019-10-22
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