1887

Abstract

The unusually shaped bacteria of the genera , and have been described based on their cell morphology and biochemistry. However, their phylogenetic relationships remain unresolved. An earlier study that was based on 5S rRNA gene sequences placed the genus within the ‘’. In the present report, polar lipids and 16S rRNA genes of the type strains of the two species in the genus , DSM 5900 and DSM 5901, are studied, as well as the type strains of the monospecific genera ( VKM B-1479) and ( DSM 5895). It was found that the genus belongs to the order in the family , and not to the . Whilst the position of the genus in the family was confirmed, the genus could not be placed into any known family, but was adjacent to the family ‘’. In addition, data were obtained for strain VKM B-1336, which was shown not to belong to the genus , and strain NCIMB 1785 (=DSM 15561), for which the name sp. nov. is proposed.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02746-0
2004-05-01
2019-10-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/54/3/ijs540651.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02746-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Abraham, W.-R., Meyer, H., Lindholst, S., Vancanneyt, M. & Smit, J. ( 1997; ). Phospho- and sulfolipids as biomarkers of Caulobacter sensu lato, Brevundimonas and Hyphomonas. Syst Appl Microbiol 20, 522–539.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Abraham, W.-R., Strömpl, C., Meyer, H. & 8 other authors ( 1999; ). Phylogeny and polyphasic taxonomy of Caulobacter species. Proposal of Maricaulis gen. nov with Maricaulis maris (Poindexter) comb. nov. as the type species, and emended description of the genera Brevundimonas and Caulobacter. Int J Syst Bacteriol 49, 1053–1073.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bligh, E. G. & Dyer, W. J. ( 1959; ). A rapid method for total lipid extraction and purification. Can J Biochem Physiol 37, 911–917.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bomar, D. & Stackebrandt, E. ( 1987; ). 5S rRNA sequences from Nitrobacter winogradskyi, Caulobacter crescentus, Stella humosa and Verrucomicrobium spinosum. Nucleic Acids Res 15, 9597.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Cashion, P., Holder-Franklin, M. A., McCully, J. & Franklin, M. ( 1977; ). A rapid method for the base ratio determination of bacterial DNA. Anal Biochem 81, 461–466.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Cole, J. R., Chai, B., Marsh, T. L. & 8 other authors ( 2003; ). The Ribosomal Database Project (RDP-II): previewing a new autoaligner that allows regular updates and the new prokaryotic taxonomy. Nucleic Acids Res 31, 442–443.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. De Ley, J. ( 1967; ). Molecular biology and bacterial phylogeny. In Evolutionary Biology, pp. 103–156. Edited by T. G. Dobzhansky, M. K. Hecht & W. C. Steere. New York: Plenum.
  8. Doronina, N. V., Braus-Stromeyer, S. A., Leisinger, T. & Trotsenko, Y. A. ( 1995; ). Isolation and characterization of a new facultively methylotrophic bacterium: description of Methylorhabdus multivorans gen. nov., sp. nov. Syst Appl Microbiol 18, 92–98.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Escara, J. F. & Hutton, J. R. ( 1980; ). Thermal stability and renaturation of DNA in dimethyl sulfoxide solutions: acceleration of the renaturation rate. Biopolymers 19, 1315–1327.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Felsenstein, J. ( 1989; ). phylip – Phylogeny inference package (version 3.2). Cladistics 5, 164–166.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Fischer, A., Roggentin, T., Schlesner, H. & Stackebrandt, E. ( 1985; ). 16S ribosomal RNA oligonucleotide cataloguing and the phylogenetic position of Stella humosa. Syst Appl Microbiol 6, 43–47.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Garrity, G. M., Winters, M. & Searles, D. B. ( 2001; ). Taxonomic outline of the procaryotic genera. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn, release 1.0, April 2001. Edited by G. M. Garrity, D. R. Boone & R. W. Castenholz. New York: Springer.
  13. Gutell, R. R., Weiser, B., Woese, C. R. & Noller, H. F. ( 1985; ). Comparative anatomy of 16-S-like ribosomal RNA. Prog Nucleic Acid Res Mol Biol 32, 155–216.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hirsch, P. & Schlesner, H. ( 1981; ). The genus Stella. In The Prokaryotes, pp. 461–465. Edited by M. P. Starr, H. Stolp, H. G. Trüper, A. Balows & H. G. Schlegel. Heidelberg: Springer.
  15. Huss, V. A. R., Festl, H. & Schleifer, K.-H. ( 1983; ). Studies on the spectrophotometric determination of DNA hybridization from renaturation rates. Syst Appl Microbiol 4, 184–192.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Jahnke, K.-D. ( 1992; ). Basic computer program for evaluation of spectroscopic DNA renaturation data from GILFORD system 2600 spectrometer on a PC/XT/AT type personal computer. J Microbiol Methods 15, 61–73.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Jukes, T. H. & Cantor, C. R. ( 1969; ). Evolution of protein molecules. In Mammalian Protein Metabolism, pp. 21–132. Edited by H. N. Munro. New York: Academic Press.
  18. Kelly, D. P., McDonald, I. R. & Wood, A. P. ( 2000; ). Proposal for the reclassification of Thiobacillus novellus as Starkeya novella gen. nov., comb. nov., in the α-subclass of the Proteobacteria. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50, 1797–1802.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Lafitskaya, T. N. & Vasil'eva, L. V. ( 1976; ). New triangular bacteria. Microbiology (English translation of Mikrobiologiya) 45, 701–704.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Ludwig, W., Strunk, O., Westram, R. & 29 other authors ( 2003; ). arb: a software environment for sequence data (http://www.arb-home.de).
  21. Murphy, R. C. & Harrison, K. A. ( 1994; ). Fast-atom-bombardment mass-spectrometry of phospholipids. Mass Spectrom Rev 13, 57–75.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Namsaraev, B. B. & Zavarzin, G. A. ( 1973; ). Trophic relationships in a methane oxidizing culture. Microbiology (English translation of Mikrobiologiya) 41, 887–892.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Namsaraev, B. B. & Zavarzin, G. A. ( 1974; ). Growth of budding “tetrahedron” bacterium on one carbon compounds. Microbiology (English translation of Mikrobiologiya) 43, 343–346.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Regenhardt, D., Heuer, H., Heim, S., Fernandez, D. U., Strömpl, C., Moore, E. R. B. & Timmis, K. N. ( 2002; ). Pedigree and taxonomic credentials of Pseudomonas putida strain KT2440. Environ Microbiol 4, 912–915.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Reimer, B. & Schlesner, H. ( 1989; ). Isolation of 11 strains of star-shaped bacteria from aquatic habitats and investigation of their taxonomic position. Syst Appl Microbiol 12, 156–158.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Schlesner, H., Bartels, C., Sittig, M., Dorsch, M. & Stackebrandt, E. ( 1990; ). Taxonomic and phylogenetic studies on a new taxon of budding, hyphal Proteobacteria, Hirschia baltica gen. nov., sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 40, 443–451.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Sittig, M. & Schlesner, H. ( 1993; ). Chemotaxonomic investigation of various prosthecate and/or budding bacteria. Syst Appl Microbiol 16, 92–103.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Stackebrandt, E., Frederiksen, W., Garrity, G. M. & 10 other authors (2002; ). Report of the ad hoc committee for the re-evaluation of the species definition in bacteriology. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52, 1043–1047.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Stahl, D. A., Key, R., Flesher, B. & Smit, J. ( 1992; ). The phylogeny of marine and freshwater caulobacters reflects their habitat. J Bacteriol 174, 2193–2198.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Stanley, P. M., Moore, R. L. & Staley, J. T. ( 1976; ). Characterization of two new isolates of mushroom-shaped budding bacteria. Int J Syst Bacteriol 26, 522–527.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Stoesser, G., Baker, W., van den Broek, A. & 13 other authors ( 2002; ). The EMBL nucleotide sequence database. Nucleic Acids Res 30, 21–26.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Stubner, S., Wind, T. & Conrad, R. ( 1998; ). Sulfur oxidation in rice field soil: activity, enumeration, isolation and characterization of thiosulfate-oxidizing bacteria. Syst Appl Microbiol 21, 569–578.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Vancanneyt, M., Witt, S., Abraham, W.-R., Kersters, K. & Fredrickson, H. L. ( 1996; ). Fatty acid content in whole-cell hydrolysates and phospholipid fractions of pseudomonads: a taxonomic evaluation. Syst Appl Microbiol 19, 528–540.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Vasil'eva, L. V. & Semenov, A. M. ( 1984; ). New budding prosthecate bacterium Labrys monahos with radial cell symmetry. Microbiology (English translation of Mikrobiologiya) 53, 68–75.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Vasil'eva, L. V. & Semenov, A. M. ( 1985; ). Labrys monachus sp. nov. In Validation of the Publication of New Names and New Combinations Previously Effectively Published Outside the IJSB, List no. 18. Int J Syst Bacteriol 35, 375–376.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Vasil'eva, L. V., Lafitskaya, T. N. & Namsarev, B. B. ( 1980; ). Angulomicrobium tetraedrale, a new genus of budding bacteria with radial cell symmetry. Microbiology (English translation of Mikrobiologiya) 48, 843–849.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Vasil'eva, L. V., Lafitskaya, T. N. & Namsarev, B. B. ( 1986; ). Angulomicrobium tetraedrale gen. nov., sp. nov. In Validation of the Publication of New Names and New Combinations Previously Effectively Published Outside the IJSB, List no. 20. Int J Syst Bacteriol 36, 354–356.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Vasilyeva, L. V. ( 1970; ). A star-shaped soil microorganism. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR Ser Biol 2, 308–310 (in Russian).
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Vasilyeva, L. V. ( 1985; ). Stella, a new genus of soil prosthecobacteria, with proposals for Stella humosa sp. nov. and Stella vacuolata sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 35, 518–521.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Wayne, L. G., Brenner, D. J., Colwell, R. R. & 9 other authors ( 1987; ). International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Report of the ad hoc committee on reconciliation of approaches to bacterial systematics. Int J Syst Bacteriol 37, 463–464.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Whittenbury, R. & Nicoll, J. M. ( 1971; ). A new, mushroom-shaped budding bacterium. J Gen Microbiol 66, 123–126.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02746-0
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02746-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error