1887

Abstract

Taxonomically relevant characteristics of a fastidiously Gram-positive, obligately endoparasitic prokaryote (strain S-1) that uses the phytoparasitic sting nematode as its host are reviewed. 16S rDNA sequence similarity (⩾93 %) confirms its congeneric ranking with other species and strains from nematodes and cladocerans and corroborates morphological, morphometric and host range evidence suggesting a novel taxon. The 16S rDNA sequence of strain S-1 has greatest similarity (96 %) to the 16S rDNA sequences of both from root-knot nematodes ( species) and the recently reported strain of isolated from the soybean cyst nematode . Because the obligately endoparasitic nature of prokaryotes in the genus prevents isolation of definitive type strains, strain S-1 is proposed as ‘ Pasteuria usgae’ sp. nov.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02292-0
2003-01-01
2019-10-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/53/1/ijs530197.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02292-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Anderson, J. M., Preston, J. F., Dickson, D. W., Hewlett, T. E., Williams, N. H. & Maruniak, J. E. ( 1999; ). Phylogenetic analysis of Pasteuria penetrans by 16S rRNA gene cloning and sequencing. J Nematol 31, 319–325.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Atibalentja, N., Noel, G. R. & Domier, L. L. ( 2000; ). Phylogenetic position of the North American isolate of Pasteuria that parasitizes the soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines, as inferred from the 16S rDNA sequence analysis. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50, 605–613.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bekal, S., Giblin-Davis, R. M. & Becker, J. O. ( 1999; ). Gnotobiotic culture of Pasteuria sp. on Belonolaimus longicaudatus. J Nematol 31, 522.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bekal, S., Borneman, J., Springer, M. S., Giblin-Davis, R. M. & Becker, J. O. ( 2001; ). Phenotypic and molecular analysis of a Pasteuria strain parasitic to the sting nematode. J Nematol 33, 110–115.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bishop, A. H. & Ellar, D. J. ( 1991; ). Attempts to culture Pasteuria penetrans in vitro. Biocontrol Sci Technol 1, 101–114.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Brito, J. A., Preston, J. F., Dickson, D. W., Giblin-Davis, R. M. & Aldrich, H. ( 2000; ). Immunolocalization of adhesins in Pasteuria spp. J Nematol 32, 421.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Chen, Z. X. & Dickson, D. W. ( 1998; ). Review of Pasteuria penetrans: biology, ecology, and biological control potential. J Nematol 30, 313–340.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Ciancio, A., Bonsignore, R., Vovlas, N. & Lamberti, F. ( 1994; ). Host records and spore morphometrics of Pasteuria penetrans group parasites of nematodes. J Invertebr Pathol 63, 260–267.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Dickson, D. W., Oostendorp, M., Giblin-Davis, R. M. & Mitchell, D. J. ( 1994; ). Control of plant-parasitic nematodes by biological antagonists. In Pest Management in the Subtropics. Biological Control – A Florida Perspective, pp. 575–601. Edited by D. Rosen, F. D. Bennett & J. L. Capinera. Andover, UK: Intercept.
  10. Ebert, D., Rainey, P., Embley, T. M. & Scholz, D. ( 1996; ). Development, life cycle, ultrastructure and phylogenetic position of Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888 : rediscovery of an obligate endoparasite of Daphnia magna Straus. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B 351, 1689–1701.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Giblin-Davis, R. M. ( 1991; ). Potential for biological control of phytoparasitic nematodes in bermudagrass turf with isolates of the Pasteuria penetrans group. Proc Annu Meet Fla State Hortic Soc 103, 349–351.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Giblin-Davis, R. M. ( 2000; ). Pasteuria sp. for biological control of the sting nematode, Belonolaimus longicaudatus, in turfgrass. In Fate and Management of Turfgrass Chemicals, American Chemical Society Symposium Series no. 743, pp. 408–426. Edited by J. M. Clark & M. P. Kenna. New York: Oxford University Press.
  13. Giblin-Davis, R. M., McDaniel, L. L. & Bilz, F. G. ( 1990; ). Isolates of the Pasteuria penetrans group from phytoparasitic nematodes in bermudagrass turf. J Nematol 22 (Suppl. 4), 750–762.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Giblin-Davis, R. M., Williams, D., Hewlett, T. E. & Dickson, D. W. ( 1995; ). Development and host attachment studies using Pasteuria from Belonolaimus longicaudatus from Florida. J Nematol 27, 500.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Giblin-Davis, R. M., Center, B. J., Hewlett, T. E. & Dickson, D. W. ( 1998; ). Pasteuria-infested soil suppresses Belonolaimus longicaudatus in a bermudagrass green. J Nematol 30, 497.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Giblin-Davis, R. M., Williams, D. S., Wergin, W. P., Dickson, D. W., Hewlett, T. E., Bekal, S. & Becker, J. O. ( 2001; ). Ultrastructure and development of Pasteuria sp. (S-1 strain), an obligate endoparasite of Belonolaimus longicaudatus (Nemata: Tylenchida). J Nematol 33, 227–238.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hirsch, P. ( 1972; ). Re-evaluation of Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888 , a bacterium pathogenic for Daphnia species. Int J Syst Bacteriol 22, 112–116.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Judicial Commission of the International Committee for Systematic Bacteriology ( 1986; ). Opinion 61. Rejection of the type strain of Pasteuria ramosa (ATCC 27377) and conservation of the species Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888 on the basis of the type descriptive material. Int J Syst Bacteriol 36, 119.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Metchnikoff, M. E. ( 1888; ). Pasteuria ramosa un représentant des bactéries à division longitudinale. Ann Inst Pasteur 2, 165–170.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Murray, R. G. E. & Schleifer, K. H. ( 1994; ). Taxonomic notes: a proposal for recording the properties of putative taxa of prokaryotes. Int J Syst Bacteriol 44, 174–176.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Murray, R. G. E. & Stackebrandt, E. ( 1995; ). Taxonomic note: implementation of the provisional Candidatus status for incompletely described prokaryotes. Int J Syst Bacteriol 45, 186–187.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Riese, R. W., Hackett, K. J., Sayre, R. M. & Huettel, R. N. ( 1988; ). Factors affecting cultivation of three isolates of Pasteuria spp. J Nematol 20, 657.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Sayre, R. M. & Starr, M. P. ( 1985; ). Pasteuria penetrans (ex Thorne, 1940 ) nom. rev., comb. n., sp. n., a mycelial and endospore-forming bacterium parasitic in plant-parasitic nematodes. Proc Helminthol Soc Wash 52, 149–165.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Sayre, R. M., Wergin, W. P. & Davis, R. E. ( 1977; ). Occurrence in Moina rectirostris (Cladocera: Daphnidae) of a parasite morphologically similar to Pasteuria ramosa ( Metchnikoff 1888 ). Can J Microbiol 23, 1573–1579.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Sayre, R. M., Adams, J. R. & Wergin, W. P. ( 1979; ). Bacterial parasite of a cladoceran: morphology, development in vivo, and taxonomic relationships with Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888 . Int J Syst Bacteriol 29, 252–262.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Sayre, R. M., Gherna, R. L. & Wergin, W. P. ( 1983; ). Morphological and taxonomic reevaluation of Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888 and “Bacillus penetrans” Mankau 1975. Int J Syst Bacteriol 33, 636–649.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Sayre, R. M., Starr, M. P., Golden, A. M., Wergin, W. P. & Endo, B. Y. ( 1988; ). Comparison of Pasteuria penetrans from Meloidogyne incognita with a related mycelial and endospore-forming bacterial parasite from Pratylenchus brachyurus. Proc Helminthol Soc Wash 55, 28–49.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Sayre, R. M., Wergin, W. P., Schmidt, J. M. & Starr, M. P. ( 1991; ). Pasteuria nishizawae sp. nov., a mycelial and endospore-forming bacterium parasitic on cyst nematodes of genera Heterodera and Globodera. Res Microbiol 142, 551–564.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Schlesner, H. & Hirsch, P. ( 1984; ). Assignment of ATCC 27377 to Pirella gen. nov. as Pirella staleyi comb. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 34, 492–495.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Schlesner, H. & Hirsch, P. ( 1987; ). Rejection of the genus name Pirella for pear-shaped budding bacteria and proposal to create the genus Pirellula gen. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 37, 441.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Stackebrandt, E., Frederiksen, W., Garrity, G. M. & 10 other authors ( 2002; ). Report of the ad hoc committee for the re-evaluation of the species definition in bacteriology. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52, 1043–1047.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Staley, J. T. ( 1973; ). Budding bacteria of the Pasteuria–Blastobacter group. Can J Microbiol 19, 609–614.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Starr, M. P. & Sayre, R. M. ( 1988; ). Pasteuria thornei sp. nov. and Pasteuria penetrans sensu stricto emend., mycelial and endospore-forming bacteria parasitic, respectively, on plant-parasitic nematodes of the genera Pratylenchus and Meloidogyne. Ann Inst Pasteur Microbiol 139, 11–31.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Starr, M. P., Sayre, R. M. & Schmidt, J. M. ( 1983; ). Assignment of ATCC 27377 to Planctomyces staleyi sp. nov. and conservation of Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888 on the basis of type descriptive material. Request for an Opinion. Int J Syst Bacteriol 33, 666–671.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Sturhan, D., Winkelheide, R., Sayre, R. M. & Wergin, W. P. ( 1994; ). Light and electron microscopical studies of the life cycle and developmental stages of a Pasteuria isolate parasitizing the pea cyst nematode, Heterodera goettingiana. Fundam Appl Nematol 17, 29–42.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Thorne, G. ( 1940; ). Duboscqia penetrans n. sp. (Sporozoa: Microsporidia, Nosematidae), a parasite of the nematode Pratylenchus pratensis (de Man) Filipjev. Proc Helminthol Soc Wash 7, 51–53.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Wayne, L. G. ( 1986; ). Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int J Syst Bacteriol 36, 357–358.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Williams, A. B., Stirling, G. R., Hayward, A. C. & Perry, J. ( 1989; ). Properties and attempted culture of Pasteuria penetrans, a bacterial parasite of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne javanica). J Appl Bacteriol 67, 145–156.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02292-0
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02292-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error