1887

Abstract

The family currently contains 96 species whose names have been validly published, classified in 27 genera (as of September 2008). In recent years, many novel species have been added to the established genera but, in many cases, one or more properties of the novel species do not agree with the published descriptions of the genera. Authors have often failed to provide emended genus descriptions when necessary. Following discussions of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of , we here propose emended descriptions of the genera , , , , , , , and .

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.008904-0
2009-03-01
2019-10-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/59/3/637.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.008904-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Allen, M. A., Goh, F., Leuko, S., Echigo, A., Mizuki, T., Usami, R., Kamekura, M., Neilan, B. A. & Burns, B. P. ( 2008; ). Haloferax elongans sp. nov. and Haloferax mucosum sp. nov., isolated from microbial mats from Hamelin Pool, Shark Bay, Australia. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58, 798–802.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Antunes, A., Taborda, M., Huber, R., Moissl, C., Nobre, M. F. & Da Costa, M. S. ( 2008; ). Halorhabdus tiamatea sp. nov., a non-pigmented, extremely halophilic archaeon from a deep-sea, hypersaline anoxic basin of the Red Sea, and emended description of the genus Halorhabdus. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58, 215–220.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Asker, D. & Ohta, Y. ( 2002; ). Haloferax alexandrinus sp. nov., an extremely halophilic canthaxanthin-producing archaeon from a solar saltern in Alexandria (Egypt). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52, 729–738.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Castillo, A. M., Gutiérrez, M. C., Kamekura, M., Xue, Y., Ma, Y., Cowan, D. A., Jones, B. E., Grant, W. D. & Ventosa, A. ( 2006; ). Halorubrum orientale sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from Lake Ejinor, Inner Mongolia, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56, 2559–2563.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Castillo, A. M., Gutiérrez, M. C., Kamekura, M., Xue, Y., Ma, Y., Cowan, D. A., Jones, B. E., Grant, W. D. & Ventosa, A. ( 2007; ). Halorubrum ejinorense sp. nov., isolated from Lake Ejinor, Inner Mongolia, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57, 2538–2542.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Cui, H.-L., Tohty, D., Feng, J., Zhou, P.-J. & Liu, S.-J. ( 2006a; ). Natronorubrum aibiense sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from Aibi salt lake in Xin-Jiang, China, and emended description of the genus Natronorubrum. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56, 1515–1517.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Cui, H.-L., Tohty, D., Zhou, P.-J. & Liu, S.-J. ( 2006b; ). Halorubrum lipolyticum sp. nov. and Halorubrum aidingense sp. nov., isolated from two salt lakes in Xin-Jiang, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56, 1631–1634.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Cui, H.-L., Tohty, D., Zhou, P.-J. & Liu, S.-J. ( 2006c; ). Haloterrigena longa sp. nov. and Haloterrigena limicola sp. nov., extremely halophilic archaea isolated from a salt lake. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56, 1837–1840.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Elazari-Volcani, B. ( 1957; ). Genus XII. Halobacterium Elazari-Volcani, 1940. In Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th edn, pp. 207–212. Edited by R. S. Breed, E. G. D. Murray & N. R. Smith. London: Ballière, Tindall & Cox.
  10. Elshahed, M. S., Savage, K. N., Oren, A., Gutiérrez, M. C., Ventosa, A. & Krumholz, L. R. ( 2004; ). Haloferax sulfurifontis sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from a sulfide- and sulfur-rich spring. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 54, 2275–2279.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Fan, H., Xue, Y., Ma, Y., Ventosa, A. & Grant, W. D. ( 2004; ). Halorubrum tibetense sp. nov., a novel haloalkaliphilic archaeon from Lake Zabuye in Tibet, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 54, 1213–1216.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Feng, J., Zhou, P.-J. & Liu, S.-J. ( 2004; ). Halorubrum xinjiangense sp. nov., a novel halophile isolated from saline lakes in China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 54, 1789–1791.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Feng, J., Zhou, P., Zhou, Y.-G., Liu, S.-J. & Warren-Rhodes, K. ( 2005; ). Halorubrum alkaliphilum sp. nov., a novel haloalkaliphile isolated from a soda lake in Xinjiang, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55, 149–152.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gibbons, N. E. ( 1974; ). Family V. Halobacteriaceae fam. nov. In Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn, pp. 269–273. Edited by R. E. Buchanan & N. E. Gibbons. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
  15. Grant, W. D. ( 2001a; ). Genus I. Halobacterium Elazari-Volcani 1957, 207,AL emend. Larsen and Grant 1989, 2222. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn, vol. 1, pp. 301–305. Edited by D. R. Boone, R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity. New York: Springer.
  16. Grant, W. D. ( 2001b; ). Genus IV. Halococcus Schoop 1935a, 817AL. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn, vol. 1, pp. 311–314. Edited by D. R. Boone, R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity. New York: Springer.
  17. Grant, W. D., Kamekura, M., McGenity, T. J. & Ventosa, A. ( 2001; ). Class III. Halobacteria class. nov. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn, vol. 1, p. 294. Edited by D. R. Boone, R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity. New York: Springer.
  18. Gruber, C., Legat, A., Pfaffenhuemer, M., Radax, C., Weidler, G., Busse, H.-J. & Stan-Lotter, H. ( 2004; ). Halobacterium noricense sp. nov., an archaeal isolate from a bore core of an alpine Permian salt deposit, classification of Halobacterium sp. NRC-1 as a strain of H. salinarum and emended description of H. salinarum. Extremophiles 8, 431–439.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Gutierrez, M. C., Kamekura, M., Holmes, M. L., Dyall-Smith, M. L. & Ventosa, A. ( 2002; ). Taxonomic characterization of Haloferax sp. (“H. alicantei”) strain Aa 2.2: description of Haloferax lucentensis sp. nov. Extremophiles 6, 479–483.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Gutiérrez, M. C., Castillo, A. M., Kamekura, M. & Ventosa, A. ( 2008; ). Haloterrigena salina sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from a salt lake. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58, 2880–2884.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Hezayen, F. F., Rehm, B. H. A., Tindall, B. J. & Steinbüchel, A. ( 2001; ). Transfer of Natrialba asiatica B1T to Natrialba taiwanensis sp. nov. and description of Natrialba aegyptiaca sp. nov., a novel extremely halophilic, aerobic, non-pigmented member of the Archaea from Egypt that produces extracellular poly(glutamic acid). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 51, 1133–1142.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Hezayen, F. F., Tindall, B. J., Steinbüchel, A. & Rehm, B. H. A. ( 2002; ). Characterization of a novel halophilic archaeon, Halobiforma haloterrestris gen. nov., sp. nov., and transfer of Natronobacterium nitratireducens to Halobiforma nitratireducens comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52, 2271–2280.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Hu, L., Pan, H., Xue, Y., Ventosa, A., Cowan, D. A., Jones, B. E., Grant, W. D. & Ma, Y. ( 2008; ). Halorubrum luteum sp. nov., isolated from Lake Chagannor, Inner Mongolia, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58, 1705–1708.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Ihara, K., Watanabe, S. & Tamura, T. ( 1997; ). Haloarcula argentinensis sp. nov. and Haloarcula mukohataei sp. nov., two new extremely halophilic archaea collected in Argentina. Int J Syst Bacteriol 47, 73–77.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Juez, G., Rodriguez-Valera, F., Ventosa, A. & Kushner, D. J. ( 1986; ). Haloarcula hispanica spec. nov. and Haloferax gibbonsii spec. nov., two new species of extremely halophilic archaebacteria. Syst Appl Microbiol 8, 75–79.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Kamekura, M. & Dyall-Smith, M. L. ( 1995; ). Taxonomy of the family Halobacteriaceae and the description of two new genera Halorubrobacterium and Natrialba. J Gen Microbiol 41, 333–350.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Kharroub, K., Quesada, T., Ferrer, R., Fuentes, S., Aguilera, M., Boulahrouf, A., Ramos-Cormenzana, A. & Monteoliva-Sánchez, M. ( 2006; ). Halorubrum ezzemoulense sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from Ezzemoul sabkha, Algeria. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56, 1583–1588.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Larsen, H. & Grant, W. D. ( 1989; ). Genus I. Halobacterium Elazari-Volcani 1957, 207AL. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 3, pp. 2219–2224. Edited by J. T. Staley, M. P. Bryant, N. Pfennig & J. G. Holt. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
  29. Lizama, C., Monteoliva-Sánchez, M., Suárez-García, A., Rosselló-Mora, R., Aguilera, M., Campos, V. & Ramos-Cormenzana, A. ( 2002; ). Halorubrum tebenquichense sp. nov., a novel halophilic archaeon isolated from the Atacama Saltern, Chile. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52, 149–155.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. McGenity, T. J. & Grant, W. D. ( 1995; ). Transfer of Halobacterium saccharovorum, Halobacterium sodomense, Halobacterium trapanicum NRC 34041 and Halobacterium lacusprofundi to the genus Halorubrum gen. nov., as Halorubrum saccharovorum comb. nov., Halorubrum sodomense comb. nov., Halorubrum trapanicum comb. nov., and Halorubrum lacusprofundi comb. nov. Syst Appl Microbiol 18, 237–243.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  31. McGenity, T. J. & Grant, W. D. ( 2001; ). Genus VII. Halorubrum McGenity and Grant 1996, 362VP (Effective publication: McGenity and Grant 1995, 241). In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn, vol. 1, pp. 320–324. Edited by D. R. Boone, R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity. New York: Springer.
  32. Namwong, S., Tanasupawat, S., Visessanguan, W., Kudo, T. & Itoh, T. ( 2007; ). Halococcus thailandensis sp. nov., from fish sauce in Thailand. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57, 2199–2203.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Oren, A. & Ventosa, A. ( 2008; ). International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Halobacteriaceae. Minutes of the meetings, 7 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58, 2465–2467.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Oren, A., Ventosa, A. & Grant, W. D. ( 1997; ). Proposal of minimal standards for the description of new taxa in the order Halobacteriales. Int J Syst Bacteriol 47, 233–238.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Oren, A., Ventosa, A., Gutiérrez, M. C. & Kamekura, M. ( 1999; ). Haloarcula quadrata sp. nov., a square, motile archaeon isolated from a brine pool in Sinai (Egypt). Int J Syst Bacteriol 49, 1149–1155.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Romano, I., Poli, A., Finore, I., Huertas, F. J., Gambacorta, A., Pelliccione, S., Nicolaus, G., Lama, L. & Nicolaus, B. ( 2007; ). Haloterrigena hispanica sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon from Fuente de Piedra, southern Spain. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57, 1499–1503.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Schoop, G. ( 1935; ). Halococcus litoralis, ein obligat halphiler Farbstoffbildner. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr 43, 817–820 (in German).
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Stan-Lotter, H., Pfaffenhuemer, M., Legat, A., Busse, H.-J., Radax, C. & Gruber, C. ( 2002; ). Halococcus dombrowskii sp. nov., an archaeal isolate from a Permian alpine salt deposit. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52, 1807–1814.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Takashina, T., Hamamoto, T., Otozai, K., Grant, W. D. & Horikoshi, K. ( 1990; ). Haloarcula japonica sp. nov., a new triangular halophilic archaebacterium. Syst Appl Microbiol 13, 177–181.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Torreblanca, M., Rodriguez-Valera, F., Juez, G., Ventosa, A., Kamekura, M. & Kates, M. ( 1986; ). Classification of non-alkaliphilic halobacteria based on numerical taxonomy and polar lipid composition, and description of Haloarcula gen. nov. and Haloferax gen. nov. Syst Appl Microbiol 8, 89–99.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Ventosa, A., Gutiérrez, M. C., Kamekura, M. & Dyall-Smith, M. L. ( 1999; ). Proposal to transfer Halococcus turkmenicus, Halobacterium trapanicum JCM 9743 and strain GSL-11 to Haloterrigena turkmenica gen. nov., comb. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 49, 131–136.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Ventosa, A., Gutiérrez, M. C., Kamekura, M., Zvyagintseva, I. S. & Oren, A. ( 2004; ). Taxonomic study of Halorubrum distributum and proposal of Halorubrum terrestre sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 54, 389–392.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Wang, Q.-F., Li, W., Yang, H., Liu, Y.-L., Cao, H.-H., Dornmayr-Pfaffenhuemer, M., Stan-Lotter, H. & Guo, G.-Q. ( 2007; ). Halococcus qingdaonensis sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from a crude sea-salt sample. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57, 600–604.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Xu, Y., Zhou, P. & Tian, X. ( 1999; ). Characterization of two novel haloalkaliphilic archaea, Natronorubrum bangense gen. nov., sp. nov. and Natronorubrum tibetense gen. nov., sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 49, 261–266.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Xu, Y., Wang, Z., Xue, Y., Zhou, P., Ma, Y., Ventosa, A. & Grant, W. D. ( 2001a; ). Natrialba hulunbeirensis sp. nov. and Natrialba chahannaoensis sp. nov., novel haloalkaliphilic archaea from soda lakes in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 51, 1693–1698.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Xu, Y., Tian, X. & Oren, A. ( 2001b; ). Genus XIV. Natronorubrum Xu, Zhou and Tian 1999, 261VP. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn, vol. 1, pp. 333–334. Edited by D. R. Boone, R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity. New York: Springer.
  47. Xu, X.-W., Wu, M., Zhou, P.-J. & Liu, S.-J. ( 2005a; ). Halobiforma lacisalsi sp. nov., isolated from a salt lake in China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55, 1949–1952.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Xu, X.-W., Liu, S.-J., Tohty, D., Oren, A., Wu, M. & Zhou, P.-J. ( 2005b; ). Haloterrigena saccharevitans sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon from Xin-Jiang, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55, 2539–2542.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Xu, X.-W., Wu, Y. H., Wang, C.-S., Oren, A., Zhou, P.-J. & Wu, M. ( 2007a; ). Haloferax larsenii sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon from a solar saltern. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57, 717–720.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Xu, X.-W., Wu, Y.-H., Zhang, H.-B. & Wu, M. ( 2007b; ). Halorubrum arcis sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from a saline lake on the Qinghai–Tibet plateau, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57, 1069–1072.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Yachai, M., Tanasupawat, S., Itoh, T., Benjakul, S., Visessanguan, W. & Valyasevi, R. ( 2008; ). Halobacterium piscisalsi sp. nov., from fermented fish (pla-ra) in Thailand. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58, 2136–2140.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Yang, Y., Cui, H.-L., Zhou, P.-J. & Liu, S.-J. ( 2006; ). Halobacterium jilantaiense sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from a saline lake in Inner Mongolia, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56, 2353–2355.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Yang, Y., Cui, H.-L., Zhou, P.-J. & Liu, S.-J. ( 2007; ). Haloarcula amylolytica sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from Aibi salt lake in Xin-Jiang, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57, 103–106.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.008904-0
Loading

Supplements

vol. , part 3, pp. 637 - 642

Differential features of the nine genera of the family for which emended descriptions are given. [PDF](16 KB)



PDF

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error