1887

Abstract

The cluster consists of six pathogenic mycoplasmas causing disease in ruminants, which share many genotypic and phenotypic traits. The cluster comprises five recognized taxa: subsp. Small Colony (MmmSC), subsp. Large Colony (MmmLC), subsp. (Mmc), subsp. (Mcc) and subsp. (Mccp). The group of strains known as sp. bovine group 7 of Leach (MBG7) has remained unassigned, due to conflicting data obtained by different classification methods. In the present paper, all available data, including recent phylogenetic analyses, have been reviewed, resulting in a proposal for an emended taxonomy of this cluster: (i) the MBG7 strains, although related phylogenetically to , hold sufficient characteristic traits to be assigned as a separate species, i.e. sp. nov. (type strain, PG50 = N29 = NCTC 10133 = DSM 21131); (ii) MmmLC and Mmc, which can only be distinguished by serological methods and are related more distantly to MmmSC, should be combined into a single subspecies, i.e. subsp. , leaving subsp. (MmmSC) as the exclusive designation for the agent of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia. A taxonomic description of sp. nov. and emended descriptions of subsp. and subsp. are presented. As a result of these emendments, the cluster will hereafter be composed of five taxa comprising three subclusters, which correspond to the subspecies, the subspecies and the novel species .

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.005546-0
2009-06-01
2019-12-07
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/59/6/1353.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.005546-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Abu-Groun, E. A., Taylor, R. R., Varsani, H., Wadher, B. J., Leach, R. H. & Miles, R. J. ( 1994; ). Biochemical diversity within the ‘Mycoplasma mycoides cluster’. Microbiology 140, 2033–2042.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. al-Aubaidi, J. M. & Fabricant, J. ( 1971; ). Characterization and classification of bovine mycoplasma. Cornell Vet 61, 490–518.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Askaa, G., Erno, H. & Ojo, M. O. ( 1978; ). Bovine mycoplasmas: classification of groups related to Mycoplasma mycoides. Acta Vet Scand 19, 166–178.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Atalaia, V., Machado, M. & Franco Frazão, F. ( 1987; ). Patologia dos pequenos ruminantes infecções em ovinos e caprinos, originadas pelo micoplasma do grupo 7, Leach (Pg. 50). Repos Trab Lab Nac Invest Vet 19, 55–60 (in Portuguese).
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bonnet, F., Saillard, C., Bove, J. M., Leach, R. H., Rose, D. L., Cottew, G. S. & Tully, J. G. ( 1993; ). DNA relatedness between field isolates of Mycoplasma F38 group, the agent of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, and strains of Mycoplasma capricolum. Int J Syst Bacteriol 43, 597–602.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Borrel, A., Dujardin-Beaumetz, E., Jeantet, P. & Jouan, C. ( 1910; ). Le microbe de la péripneumonie. Ann Inst Pasteur 24, 168–179 (in French).
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Brown, D. R. & Bradbury, J. M. ( 2007; ). International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes: Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Mollicutes. Minutes of the meetings, 8, 9 and 14 July 2006, Cambridge, UK. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57, 192–196.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Cheng, X., Nicolet, J., Miserez, R., Kuhnert, P., Krampe, M., Pilloud, T., Abdo, E. M., Griot, C. & Frey, J. ( 1996; ). Characterization of the gene for an immunodominant 72 kDa lipoprotein of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony type. Microbiology 142, 3515–3524.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Christiansen, C. & Erno, H. ( 1982; ). Classification of the F38 group of caprine Mycoplasma strains by DNA hybridization. J Gen Microbiol 128, 2523–2526.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Christiansen, G. & Erno, H. ( 1990; ). RFLP in rRNA genes of Mycoplasma capricolum, the caprine F38-like group and the bovine serogroup 7. In Zentralbl Bakt Hyg, pp. 479–488. Edited by G. Stanek, G. H. Cassell, J. G. Tully & R. F. Whitcom. Stuttgart, New York: Gustav Fischer Verlag.
  11. Connole, M. D., Laws, L. & Hart, R. K. ( 1967; ). Mastitis in cattle caused by a Mycoplasma sp. Aust Vet J 43, 157–162.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Costas, M., Leach, R. H. & Mitchelmore, D. L. ( 1987; ). Numerical analysis of PAGE protein patterns and the taxonomic relationships within the ‘Mycoplasma mycoides cluster’. J Gen Microbiol 133, 3319–3329.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Cottew, G. S. & Yeats, F. R. ( 1978; ). Subdivision of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides from cattle and goats into two types. Aust Vet J 54, 293–296.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Cottew, G. S., Breard, A., DaMassa, A. J., Erno, H., Leach, R. H., Lefevre, P. C., Rodwell, A. W. & Smith, G. R. ( 1987; ). Taxonomy of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster. Isr J Med Sci 23, 632–635.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Djordjevic, S. P., Vilei, E. M. & Frey, J. ( 2003; ). Characterization of a chromosomal region of Mycoplasma sp. bovine group 7 strain PG50 encoding a glycerol transport locus (gtsABC). Microbiology 149, 195–204.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Edward, D. G. ( 1953; ). Organisms of the pleuropneumonia group causing disease in goats. Vet Rec 65, 873–874.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Edward, D. G. ( 1954; ). The pleuropneumonia group of organisms: a review, together with some new observations. J Gen Microbiol 10, 27–64.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Edward, D. G. & Freundt, E. A. ( 1956; ). The classification and nomenclature of organisms of the pleuropneumonia group. J Gen Microbiol 14, 197–207.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. El Nasri, M. ( 1967; ). Mycoplasma from contagious caprine pleuropneumonia. Ann N Y Acad Sci 143, 298–304.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Erno, H., Leach, R. H., Salih, M. M. & MacOwan, K. J. ( 1983; ). The F38-like group, a new group of caprine mycoplasmas? Acta Vet Scand 24, 275–286.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Freundt, E. A. ( 1955; ). The classification of the pleuropneumonia group of organisms (Borrelomycetales). Int Bull Bacteriol Nomencl Taxon 5, 67–78.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Frey, J., Cheng, X., Monnerat, M. P., Abdo, E. M., Krawinkler, M., Bolske, G. & Nicolet, J. ( 1998; ). Genetic and serological analysis of the immunogenic 67-kDa lipoprotein of Mycoplasma sp. bovine group 7. Res Microbiol 149, 55–64.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Harasawa, R., Hotzel, H. & Sachse, K. ( 2000; ). Comparison of the 16S–23S rRNA intergenic spacer regions among strains of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster, and reassessment of the taxonomic position of Mycoplasma sp. bovine group 7. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50, 1325–1329.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Hayflick, L. ( 1965; ). Tissue cultures and mycoplasmas. Tex Rep Biol Med 23 (Suppl. 1), 285
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Holt, J. G. ( 1994; ). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th edn. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  26. Hum, S., Kessell, A., Djordjevic, S., Rheinberger, R., Hornitzky, M., Forbes, W. & Gonsalves, J. ( 2000; ). Mastitis, polyarthritis and abortion caused by Mycoplasma species bovine group 7 in dairy cattle. Aust Vet J 78, 744–750.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Kibe, M. K., Bidwell, D. E., Turp, P. & Smith, G. R. ( 1985; ). Demonstration of cross-reactive antigens in F38 and related mycoplasmas by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunoblotting. J Hyg (Lond) 95, 95–106.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Lartigue, C., Glass, J. I., Alperovich, N., Pieper, R., Parmar, P. P., Hutchison, C. A., III, Smith, H. O. & Venter, J. C. ( 2007; ). Genome transplantation in bacteria: changing one species to another. Science 317, 632–638.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Laws, L. ( 1956; ). A pleuropneumonia-like organism causing peritonitis in goats. Aust Vet J 32, 326–329.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Leach, R. H. ( 1967; ). Comparative studies of mycoplasma of bovine origin. Ann N Y Acad Sci 143, 305–316.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Leach, R. H., Costas, M. & Mitchelmore, D. L. ( 1989; ). Relationship between Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (‘large-colony’ strains) and M. mycoides subsp. capri, as indicated by numerical analysis of one-dimensional SDS-PAGE protein patterns. J Gen Microbiol 135, 2993–3000.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Leach, R. H., Erno, H. & MacOwan, K. J. ( 1993; ). Proposal for designation of F38-type caprine mycoplasmas as Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae subsp. nov. and consequent obligatory relegation of strains currently classified as M. capricolum (Tully, Barile, Edward, Theodore, and Erno 1974) to an additional new subspecies, M. capricolum subsp. capricolum subsp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 43, 603–605.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Manso-Silván, L., Perrier, X. & Thiaucourt, F. ( 2007; ). Phylogeny of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster based on analysis of five conserved protein-coding sequences and possible implications for the taxonomy of the group. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57, 2247–2258.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Nocard, E., Roux, E. & Borrel, A. ( 1898; ). Le microbe de la péripneumonie. Ann Inst Pasteur 12, 240–262 (in French).
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Olsson, B., Bolske, G., Bergstrom, K. & Johansson, K. E. ( 1990; ). Analysis of caprine mycoplasmas and mycoplasma infections in goats using two-dimensional electrophoresis and immunoblotting. Electrophoresis 11, 861–869.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Pettersson, B., Leitner, T., Ronaghi, M., Bolske, G., Uhlen, M. & Johansson, K. E. ( 1996; ). Phylogeny of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster as determined by sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA genes from the two rRNA operons. J Bacteriol 178, 4131–4142.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Rodwell, A. W. ( 1982; ). Emmy Klieneberger–Nobel Award Lecture: the protein fingerprints of mycoplasmas. Rev Infect Dis 4 (Suppl), S8–S17.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Salih, M. M., Erno, H. & Simonsen, V. ( 1983; ). Electrophoretic analysis of isoenzymes of mycoplasma species. Acta Vet Scand 24, 14–33.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Simmons, G. C. & Johnston, L. A. Y. ( 1963; ). Arthritis in calves caused by Mycoplasma species. Aust Vet J 39, 11–14.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Sirand-Pugnet, P., Lartigue, C., Marenda, M., Jacob, D., Barré, A., Barbe, V., Schenowitz, C., Mangenot, S., Couloux, A. & other authors ( 2007; ). Being pathogenic, plastic, and sexual while living with a nearly minimal bacterial genome. PLoS Genet 3, e75 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Skerman, V. B. D., McGowan, V. & Sneath, P. H. A. ( 1980; ). Approved lists of bacterial names. Int J Syst Bacteriol 30, 225–420.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Taylor, T. K., Bashiruddin, J. B. & Gould, A. R. ( 1992; ). Relationships between members of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster as shown by DNA probes and sequence analysis. Int J Syst Bacteriol 42, 593–601.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Thiaucourt, F. & Bolske, G. ( 1996; ). Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia and other pulmonary mycoplasmoses of sheep and goats. Rev Sci Tech 15, 1397–1414.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Thiaucourt, F., Lorenzon, S., David, A. & Breard, A. ( 2000; ). Phylogeny of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster as shown by sequencing of a putative membrane protein gene. Vet Microbiol 72, 251–268.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Thigpen, J. E., Cottew, G. S., Yeats, F., McGhee, C. E. & Rose, D. L. ( 1983; ). Growth characteristics of large- and small-colony types of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides on 5 % sheep blood agar. J Clin Microbiol 18, 956–960.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Thomas, A., Linden, A., Mainil, J., Bischof, D. F., Frey, J. & Vilei, E. M. ( 2005; ). Mycoplasma bovis shares insertion sequences with Mycoplasma agalactiae and Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC: evolutionary and developmental aspects. FEMS Microbiol Lett 245, 249–255.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Tully, J. G., Barile, M. F., Edward, D. G., Theodore, T. S. & Erno, H. ( 1974; ). Characterization of some caprine mycoplasmas, with proposals for new species, Mycoplasma capricolum and Mycoplasma putrefaciens. J Gen Microbiol 85, 102–120.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Vilei, E. M., Abdo, E. M., Nicolet, J., Botelho, A., Goncalves, R. & Frey, J. ( 2000; ). Genomic and antigenic differences between the European and African/Australian clusters of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC. Microbiology 146, 477–486.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Vilei, E. M., Korczak, B. M. & Frey, J. ( 2006; ). Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri and Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides LC can be grouped into a single subspecies. Vet Res 37, 779–790.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Westberg, J., Persson, A., Holmberg, A., Goesmann, A., Lundeberg, J., Johansson, K. E., Pettersson, B. & Uhlen, M. ( 2004; ). The genome sequence of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC type strain PG1T, the causative agent of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP). Genome Res 14, 221–227.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.005546-0
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.005546-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error