A novel strictly anaerobic, extremely thermophilic, spore-forming and xylose-utilizing bacterium, designated strain KB-1TP (type and patent strain), was isolated from a geothermal hot stream at Sileri on Java island, Indonesia. The cells were rod-shaped, motile and had terminal spores. The newly isolated strain stained gram-positive and the cells occurred singly or in pairs during the exponential growth phase. The temperature optimum for growth was 75 degrees C and growth occurred in the range 50-85 degrees C. The pH range for growth was 4.5-9.0, with an optimum at pH 6.5. Strain KB-1TP grew chemo-organotrophically by fermenting a wide range of substrates such as glucose, fructose, D-xylose, lactose, maltose, sucrose, mannose, galactose, cellobiose, pullulan and soluble starch. Arabinose, xylan, cellulose, olive oil and Tween 80 were not fermented. The predominant fermentation end products after growth on glucose were lactate, acetate, ethanol, CO2 and small amounts of isovaleric acid, butyric acid, propionic acid, 1-pentanol and 2-propanol. Thiosulfate was reduced to H2S. Strain KB-1TP was sensitive to tetracycline, chloramphenicol, penicillin G, neomycin, kanamycin, vancomycin and rifampicin at concentrations of 100 microg ml(-1). No effect was observed with chloramphenicol and neomycin at concentrations of 10 microg ml(-1). This indicates that strain KB-1TP belongs to the bacterial domain. The G+C content of the DNA was 37 mol%. The comparison of the 165 rDNA sequence to that of closely related strains revealed that strain KB-1TP belonged to clostridial cluster V, showing highest sequence identities (92.7%) to members of the genus Thermoanaerobacter. Taking into account the physiological and molecular properties of the new isolate, it is proposed that strain KB-1TP should be classified as a new species of the genus Thermoanaerobacter, designated Thermoanaerobacter yonseiensis. The type strain, KB-1TP, has been deposited in the Korean Federation of Culture Collections (KFCC 11116P) as a patent strain and in the Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen as a type strain (= DSM 13777T).


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