A bacterial disease of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) was first observed in 1954 in Brittany and the Loire Valley, France. This disease causes water-soaked spots on bracts and depreciates marketability of the harvest. Ten strains of the pathogen causing bacterial spot of artichoke, previously identified as a member of the genus Xanthomonas, were characterized and compared with type and pathotype strains of the 20 Xanthomonas species using a polyphasic study including both phenotypic and genomic methods. The ten strains presented general morphological, biochemical and physiological traits and G+C content characteristic of the genus Xanthomonas. Sequencing of the 165 rRNA gene confirmed that this bacterium belongs to the genus Xanthomonas, and more precisely to the Xanthomonas campestris core. DNA-DNA hybridization results showed that the strains that cause bacterial spot of artichoke were 92-100% related to the proposed type strain CFBP 4188T and constituted a discrete DNA homology group that was distinct from the 20 previously described Xanthomonas species. The results of numerical analysis were in accordance with DNA-DNA hybridization data. Strains causing the bacterial bract spot of artichoke exhibited consistent determinative biochemical characteristics, which distinguished them from the 20 other Xanthomonas species previously described. Furthermore, pathogenicity tests allowed specific identification of this new phytopathogenic bacterium. Thus, it is concluded that this bacterium is a new species belonging to the genus Xanthomonas, for which the name Xanthomonas cynarae is proposed. The type strain, CFBP 4188T, has been deposited in the Collection Française des Bactéries Phytopathogènes (CFBP).


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error