1887

Abstract

Several psychrophilic, gas vacuolate strains of the (CFB) phylogenetic group were isolated from sea ice and water from the Arctic and the Antarctic. The closest taxonomically defined species by 16S rRNA sequence analysis is ‘’. However, ‘’ is phylogenetically distant from the type species, . On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and 16S rRNA sequence analyses we propose a new genus, , with three new species, strain 23-P (ATCC 700398), strain 301 (ATCC 700399) and strain 215 (ATCC 700397). is the type species of the genus. None of these species exhibits a cosmopolitan or bipolar distribution. This is the first taxonomic description of gas vacuolate bacteria in the CFB group. Additionally, we propose that ‘’ be reclassified to the genus as , comb. nov.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-48-1-223
1998-01-01
2022-05-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/48/1/ijs-48-1-223.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-48-1-223&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Altschul S. F., Gish W., Miller W., Myers E. W., Lipman D. J. 1990; Basic local alignment search tool. J Mol Biol 215:403–410
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Ausubel F. M., Brent R., Kingston R. I., Moore D. D., Seidman J., G„ Smith J. A., Struhl K. (editors) 1989 Current Protocols in Molecular Biology vols 1 and 2 New York: John Wiley;
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Balows A., TrUper H. G., Dworkin M., Harder W., Schleifer K.-H. (editors) 1992 The Prokaryotes, 2nd. edn. New York: Springer Verlag;
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Davis V. E. 1990 Characterization of bacteria from the sea ice of Antarctica. Masters Thesis, Southwest Missouri State University
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Dobson S. J., Colwell R. R., McMeekin T. A., Franzmann P. D. 1993; Direct sequencing of the polymerase chain reaction-amplified 16S rRNA gene of Flavobacterium gond- wanense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium salegens sp. nov., two new species from a hypersaline antarctic lake. Int J Syst Bacteriol 43:77–83
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Felsenstein J. 1981; Evolutionary trees from DNA sequences : a maximum likelihood approach. J Mol Evol 17:368–376
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Felsenstein J. 1989; phylip - Phylogeny Inference Package (version 3.2). Cladistics 5:164–166
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Gerhardt P., Murray R. G. E., Wood W. A., Krieg N. R. (editors) 1994 Methods for General and Molecular Bacteriology Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology;
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Gherna R., Woese C. R. 1992; A partial phylogenetic analysis of the ‘ Flavobacter-Bacteroides ’ phylum: basis for taxonomic restructuring. Syst Appl Microbiol 15:513–521
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Gosink J. J., Herwig R. P., Staley J.T. 1997; Octa- decabacter arcticus gen. nov., sp. nov., and O. antarcticus sp. nov., nonpigmented, psychrophilic gas vacuolate bacteria from polar sea ice and water. Syst Appl Microbiol 20:356–365
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Gosink J. J., Irgens R. L., Staley J.T. 1993; Vertical distribution of bacteria in arctic sea ice. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 102:85–90
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Gosink J. J., Staley J. T. 1995; Biodiversity of gas vacuolate bacteria from antarctic sea ice and water. Appl Environ Microbiol 61:3486–3489
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Gutell R. R. 1994; Collection of small subunit (16S- and 16S-like) ribosomal RNA structures. Nucleic Acids Res 21:3051–3054
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gutell R. R., Weiser B., Woese C. R., Noller H. F. 1985; Comparative anatomy of 16S-like ribosomal RNA. Prog Nucleic Acid Res Mol Biol 32:155–216
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Herwig R. 1994 Personal communication
  16. Herwig R. P., Pellerin N. B., Irgens R. L., Maki J. S., Staley J. T. 1988; Chitinolytic bacteria and chitin mineralization in the marine waters and sediments along the Antarctic Peninsula. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 53:101–112
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Irgens R., L, Suzuki I., Staley J. T. 1989; Gas vacuolate bacteria obtained from marine waters of Antarctica. Curr Microbiol 18:261–265
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Kimura M. 1980; A simple model for estimating evolutionary rates of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. J Mol Evol 16:111–120
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kishino H., Hasegawa M. 1989; Evaluation of the maximum likelihood estimate of the evolutionary tree topologies from DNA sequence data, and the branching order in Hominoidea. J Mol Evol 29:170–179
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Krieg N. R., Holt J. G. (editors) 1984 Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 1st. edn, vol. 1 Baltimore, MD: Williams Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Larkin J. M., Borrall R. 1984; Genus III. Flectobacillus Larkin, Williams and Taylor 1977. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology vol. 1 pp. 129–132 Edited by Krieg N. R., Holt J. G. Baltimore, MD: Williams Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Larkin J. M., Williams P. M., Taylor R. 1977; Taxonomy of the genus Microcyclus 0rskov 1928: reintroduction and emendation of the genus Spirosoma Migula 1894 and proposal of a new genus, Flectobacillus. Int J Syst Bacteriol 27:147–156
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Larsen N., Olsen G. J., Maidak B. L., McCaughey M. J., Overbeek R., Macke T. J., Marsh T. L., Woese C. R. 1993; The Ribosomal Database Project. Nucleic Acids Res 21:3021–3023
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Maddison W. P., Maddison D. R. 1992; MacClade: analysis of phylogeny and character evolution. Version 3.0. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates;
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Maykut G. A. 1985; The ice environment. In Sea Ice Biota pp. 21–82 Edited by Horner R. A. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  26. McGuire A. J., Franzmann P. D., McMeekin T. A. 1987; Flectobacillus glomeratus sp. nov., a curved, nonmotile, pigmented bacterium isolated from antarctic marine environments. Syst Appl Microbiol 9:265–272
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Olsen G. J. 1992; Ribosomal Database Project. Nucleic Acids Res 20:2199–2200
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Olsen G. J., Hagstrom H., Overbeek R. 1994; fastDNAml: a tool for construction of phylogenetic trees of DNA sequences using maximum likelihood. Comput Appl Biosci 10:41–48
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Reysenbach A.-L., Wickham G. S., Pace N. R. 1994; Phylogenetic analysis of the hyperthermophilic pink filament community in Octopus Spring Yellowstone National Park. Appl Environ Microbiol 60:2113–2119
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Simidu U., Kogure K., Fukami K., Imada C. 1986; Heterotrophic bacterial flora of the Antarctic Ocean. Mem Natl Inst Polar Res 40:405–412
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Smibert R. M., Kreig N. R. 1994; Phenotypic characterization. In Methods for General and Molecular Bacteriology pp. 607–654 Edited by Gerhardt P., Murray R. G. E., Wood W. A., Krieg N. R. Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology;
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Staley J. T., Irgens R. L., Herwig R. P. 1989; Gas vacuolate bacteria from the sea ice of Antarctica. Appl Environ Microbiol 55:1033–1036
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Swofford D. L. 1991; paup: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony, 3.0s. Champaign, IL: Illinois Natural History Survey;
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Walsby A. E. 1975; Gas vesicles. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 26:427–439
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Walsby A. E. 1994; Gas vesicles. Microbiol Rev 58:94–144
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Wayne L. G., Brenner D. J., Colwell R. R. 9 other authors 1987; International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Report of the ad hoc committee on reconciliation of approaches to bacterial systematics. Int J Syst Bacteriol 37:463–464
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Weeks O. B. 1981; Preliminary studies of the pigments of Flavobacterium breve NCTC 11099 and Flavobacterium odoratum NCTC 11036. In The Flavobacterium-Cytophaga group pp. 108–114 Edited by Reichenbach H., Weeks O. B. Weinheim: Gesellschaft fur Biotechnologische For-schung GmbH;
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Woese C. 1991; The 16S rRNA sequence of strains 23-P, 34-P, and 84-W(gv)l. Unpublished data
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Woese C. R., Gutell R., Gupta R., Noller H. F. 1983; Detailed analysis of the higher-order structure of 16S-like ribosomal ribonucleic acids. Microbiol Rev 47:621–669
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-48-1-223
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-48-1-223
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error