A non-spore-forming, coryneform bacterium, strain TA-12, was isolated from spoiled off-flavor orange juice. Growth of this organism occurs at pH 3.2 to 7.5, and optimum growth occurs at pH values between 5.5 and 6.5. This organism produces lactic acid, propionic acid, and acetic acid from glucose. It is catalase negative. The cells are heat resistant and can withstand a temperature of 90°C for 10 min. The DNA G+C content is 66.8 mol%. This strain has an MK-9(H) respiratory quinone system and contains -diaminopimelic acid in its cell wall, and ω-cyclohexyl undecanoic acid is the major cellular fatty acid. The results of a phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene of this organism indicated that its highest level of homology is its level of homology with the representative of the classical propionibacteria, (97.1%). Strain TA-12 is phenotypically similar to , but it produces a large amount of lactic acid and has a distinct fatty acid composition, acid tolerance, and heat resistance, which differentiate it from and other propionic acid-producing bacteria. On the basis of these findings we propose the name sp. nov. for this organism. The type strain is TA-12 (= IAM 14535 = NRIC 0247).


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