1887

Abstract

16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequences were determined for the five species of the genus , and ) and the single species of the genus ). With the exception of , the deinococci form a coherent phylogenetic cluster which is related to the lineage. An analysis of the 16S rDNA sequence of revealed that this organism is an actinomycete and a member of the genus falls within the radiation of the genus and phylogenetically can be considered a member of this genus. The results of the phylogenetic analyses are consistent with chemotaxonomic data. On the basis of our data, is transferred to the genus as comb. nov., the description of the genus is emended accordingly, and is transferred to the genus as comb. nov. The description of the family is emended to include organisms with rod-shaped cells, and a set of 16S rDNA signature nucleotides is designated for this group. On the basis of the distinct phylogenetic position of the lineage and a set of 16S rDNA signature nucleotides, the order ord. nov. is described.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-47-2-510
1997-01-01
2024-06-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/47/2/ijs-47-2-510.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-47-2-510&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Anderson A. W., Nordan H. C., Cain R. F., Parrish G., Duggan D. 1956; Studies on a radio-resistant micrococcus. I. The isolation, morphology, cultural characteristics and resistance to gamma radiation. Food Technol 10:575–577
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brooks B. W., Murray R. G. E. 1981; Nomenclature for “Micrococcus radiodurans” and other radiation-resistant cocci: Deinococcaceae fam. nov. and Deinococcus gen. nov., including five species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 31:353–360
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Brooks B. W., Murray R. G. E., Johnson J. L., Stackebrandt E., Woese C. R., Fox G. E. 1980; Red-pigmented micrococci: a basis for taxonomy. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 30:627–646
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Brosius J., Palmer M. L., Kennedy P. J., Noller H. F. 1978; Complete nucleotide sequence of a 16S ribosomal RNA gene from Escherichia coli. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75:4801–4805
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Burggraf S., Olsen G. J., Stetter K. O., Woese C. R. 1992; A phylogenetic analysis of Aquifex pyrophilus. Syst. Appl. Microbiol 15:352–356
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Embley T. M., O’Donnell A. G., Wait R., Rostron J. 1987; Lipid and cell wall amino acid composition in the classification of members of the genus Deinococcus. Syst. Appl. Microbiol 10:20–27
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Felsenstein J. 1985; Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39:783–789
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Felsenstein J. 1993 PHYLIP (phylogenetic inference package), version 3.5.1. Department of Genetics; University of Washington, Seattle:
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Groth I., Schumann P., Weiss N., Martin K., Rainey F. A. 1996; Agrococcus jenensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a new genus of actinomycetes with diaminobutyric acid in the cell wall. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 46:234–239
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Hensel R., Demharter W., Kandler O., Kroppenstedt R. M., Stackebrandt E. 1986; Chemotaxonomic and molecular-genetic studies of the genus Thermus: evidence for a phylogenetic relationship of Thermus aquaticus and Thermus ruber to the genus Deinococcus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 36:444–453
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Huber R., Woese C. R., Langworthy T. A., Fricke H., Stetter K. O. 1989; Thermosipho africanas gen. nov. represents a new genus of thermophilic eubacteria within the “Thermotogales.” Syst. Appl. Microbiol 12:32–37
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Jukes T. H., Cantor C. R. 1969 Evolution of protein molecules. 21–132 Munro H. N.ed Mammalian protein metabolism Academic Press; New York, N.Y:
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Koch C., Schumann P., Stackebrandt E. 1995; Reclassification of Micrococcus agilis (Ali-Cohen 1889) to the genus Arthrobacter as Arthrobacter agilis comb. nov. and emendation of the genus Arthrobacter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 45:837–839
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Maidak B. L., Larsen N., McCaughey M. J., Overbeek R., Olsen G. J., Fogel K., Blandy J., Woese C. R. 1994; The Ribosomal Database Project. Nucleic Acids Res 22:3485–3487
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Murray R. G. E., Brooks B. W. 1986 Family II. Deinococcaceae Brooks and Murray 1981, 356. 1035–1043 Sneath P. H. A., Mair N. S., Sharpe M. E., Holt J. G.ed Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 2 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore, Md:
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Oyaizu H., Stackebrandt E., Schleifer K. H., Ludwig W., Pohla H., Ito H., Hirata A., Oyaizu Y., Komagata K. 1987; A radiation-resistant rod-shaped bacterium, Deinobacter grandis gen. nov., sp. nov., with peptidoglycan containing ornithine. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 37:62–67
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Paster B., Stackebrandt E., Hespell R. B., Hahn C. M., Woese C. R. 1984; The phylogeny of the spirochetes. Syst. Appl. Microbiol 5:337–351
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Rainey F. A., Ward-Rainey N., Kroppenstedt R. M., Stackebrandt E. 1996; The genus Nocardiopsis represents a phylogenetically coherent taxon and a distinct actinomycete lineage: proposal of Nocardiopsaceae fam. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 46:1088–1092
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Saitou N., Nei M. 1987; The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol. Biol. Evol 4:406–425
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Schlesner H., Stackebrandt E. 1986; Assignment of the genera Planetomyces and Pirellula to a new family Planctomycetaceae fam. nov. and description of the order Planctomycetales ord. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol 8:174–176
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Sleytr U. B., Kocur M., Glauert A. M., Thornley M. J. 1973; A study by freeze-etching of the fine structure of Micrococcus radiodurans. Arch. Mikrobiol 94:77–87
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Sleytr U. B., Silva M. T., Kocur M., Lewis N. F. 1976; The fine structure of Micrococcus radiophilus and Micrococcus radioproteolyticus. Arch. Mikrobiol 107:313–320
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Stackebrandt E., Koch C., Gvozdiak O., Schumann P. 1995; Taxonomic dissection of the genus Micrococcus: Kocuria gen. nov., Nesterenkonia gen. nov., Kytococcus gen. nov., Dermacoccus gen. nov., and Micrococcus Cohn 1872 gen. emend. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 45:682–692
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Stackebrandt E., Rainey F. A., Ward-Rainey N. L. 1997; Proposal for a new hierarchic classification system, Actinobacteria classis nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 47:479–491
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Stackebrandt E., Woese C. R. 1979; A phylogenetic dissection of the family Micrococcaceae. Curr. Microbiol 2:317–322
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Stackebrandt E., Woese C. R. 1981; Towards a phylogeny of actino mycètes and related organisms. Curr. Microbiol 5:131–136
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Thornley M. J., Horne R. W., Glauert A. M. 1965; The fine structure of Micrococcus radiodurans. Arch. Mikrobiol 51:267–289
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Ward-Rainey N., Rainey F. A., Schlesner H., Stackebrandt E. 1995; Assignment of hitherto unidentified 16S rDNA species to a main line of descent within the domain Bacteria. Microbiology 141:3247–3250
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Weisburg W. G., Giovannoni S. J., Woese C. R. 1989; The Deinococcus-Thermus phylum and the effect of rRNA composition on phylogenetic tree construction. Syst. Appl. Microbiol 11:128–134
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Weisburg W. G., Hatch T. P., Woese C. R. 1986; Eubacterial origin of chlamydiae. J. Bacteriol 167:570–574
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Wise M. G., McArthur J. V., Shimkets L. J. 1996; 16S rRNA gene probes for Deinococcus species. Syst. Appl. Microbiol 19:365–369
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Woese C. R. 1987; Bacterial evolution. Microbiol. Rev 51:221–271
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Woese C. R., Stackebrandt E., Macke T. J., Fox G. E. 1985; A phylogenetic definition of the major eubacterial taxa. Syst. Appl. Microbiol 6:143–151
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Work E., Griffiths H. 1968; Morphology and chemistry of the cell walls of Micrococcus radiodurans. J. Bacteriol 95:641–657
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-47-2-510
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-47-2-510
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error