In the course of identifying aniline-assimilating bacteria, researchers found some gram-positive strains that contain 2,4-diaminobutyric acid in their cell wall peptidoglycans and menaquinone 12 as the predominant menaquinone. “ and “ also are known to contain 2,4-diaminobutyric acid in their cell walls, as well as menaquinone 12, but the taxonomic position of these organisms has not been established previously. We found that the aniline-assimilating strains, together with “ and “ belong to a single species of the genus , as determined by phenotypic characteristics, DNA-DNA relatedness data, and 16S ribosomal DNA sequence similarity data. The name sp. nov., nom. rev., comb. nov., is proposed for these organisms. The type strain of is strain JCM 3346 (= ATCC 14004 = NCIMB 7206).


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