1887

Abstract

The problem that the proposal for recording the properties of putative taxa of procaryotes attempts to redress arises because the is not able to provide sensible regulation of nomenclature for new taxa defined by very limited data, such as a nucleotide sequence for a small portion of the genome. The constructors of the original code (1957) and the Judicial Commission considering the 1976 and 1990 revisions did not foresee or act upon the possibilities for molecular description and typification of procaryotes that were not yet cultivable. As a result, formal names are being proposed for uncultivated procaryotes whose uniqueness is defined only by very limited characteristics, such as differences in a molecular sequence. As the editors of two journals concerned with the systematics of procaryotes, we recognize that the problem will increase as the available technology gains wider use and becomes easier to apply. Accordingly, this note is presented in advance of discussions by the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology at the forthcoming congress (July 1994) so that there may be discussions and reaction by colleagues.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-1-174
1994-01-01
2024-06-13
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/44/1/ijs-44-1-174.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-1-174&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Amann R. I., Krumholz L., Stahl D. A. 1990; Fluorescent oligonucleotide probing of whole cells for determinative, phylogenetic, and environmental studies in microbiology. J. Bacteriol. 172 762 770
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Amann R. I., Springer N., Ludwig W., Görtz H. D., Schleifer K. H. 1991; Identification in situ detection/identification and phylogeny of uncultured bacterial endosymbionts. Nature (London) 351 161 164
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Angert E. R., Clements K. D., Pace N. R. 1993; The largest bacterium. Nature (London) 362 239 241
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Brenner D. J., Hollis D. G., Moss C. W., English C. K., Hall G. S., Vincent J., Radosevic J., Birkness K. A., Bibb W. F., Quinn F. D., Swaminathan B., Weaver R. E., Reeves M. W., O’Connor S. P., Hayes P. S., Tenover F. C., Steigerwalt A. G., Perkins B. A., Daneshvar M. I., Hill B. C., Washington J. A., Woods T. C., Hunter S. B., Hadfield T. L., Ajello G. W., Kaufmann A. F., Wear D. J., Wenger J. D. 1991; Proposal of Afipia gen. nov., with Afipia felis sp. nov. (formerly the cat scratch disease bacillus), Afipia clevelandensis sp. nov. (formerly the Cleveland Clinic Foundation strain), Afipia broomeae sp. nov., and three unnamed genospecies. J. Clin. Microbiol. 29 2450 2460
    [Google Scholar]
  5. DeLong E. F., Wickham G. S., Pace N. R. 1989; Phylogenetic stains: ribosomal RNA-based probes for the identification of single cells. Science 243 1360 1363
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Gebhart C. J., Barns S. M., McOrist S., Lin G. F., Lawson G. H. K. 1993; Ileal symbiont intracellularis, an obligate intracellular bacterium of porcine intestines showing a relationship to Desulfovibrio species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 43 535 538
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Giovannoni S. J., Britschgi T. B., Moyer C. L., Field K. G. 1990; Genetic diversity in Sargasso Sea bacterioplankton. Nature (London) 345 60 63
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Kane M. D., Poulsen L. K., Stahl D. A. 1993; Monitoring the enrichment and isolation of sulfate-reducing bacteria by using oligonucleotide hybridization probes designed from environmentally derived 16S rRNA sequences. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59 682 686
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Liesack W., Weyland H., Stackebrandt E. 1991; Potential risks of gene amplification by PCR as determined by 16S rDNA analysis of mixed-culture of strict barophilic bacteria. Microb. Ecol. 21 191 198
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Murray R. G. E., Brenner D. J., Colwell R. R., de Vos P., Goodfellow M., Grimont P. A. D., Pfennig N., Stackebrandt E., Zavarzin G. A. 1990; Report of the ad hoc Committee on Approaches to Taxonomy within the Proteobacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 40 213 215
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Poulsen L. K., Ballard G., Stahl D. A. 1993; Use of rRNA fluorescence in situ hybridization for measuring the activity of single cells in young and established biofilms. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59 1354 1360
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Schleifer K. H., Ludwig W. 1989; Phylogenetic relationships among bacteria. 103 117 Fernholm B., Brenner K., Jörnvall H. Hierachy of life Excerpta Medica; Amsterdam:
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Schmidt T. M., DeLong E. F., Pace N. R. 1991; Analysis of a marine picoplankton community by 16S rRNA gene cloning and sequencing. J. Bacteriol. 173 4371 4378
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Spring S., Amann R. I., Ludwig W., Schleifer K. H., van Gemerden H., Petersen N. 1993; Dominating role of an unusual magnetotactic bacterium in the microaerobic zone of a freshwater sediment. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59 2397 2403
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Springer N., Ludwig W., Drozanski W., Amann R. I., Schleifer K. H. 1992; The phylogenetic status of Sarcobium lyticum, an obligate intracellular bacterial parasite of small amoeba. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 96 199 202
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Ward D. M., Weller R., Bateson M. M. 1990; 16S rRNA sequences reveal numerous uncultured microorganisms in a natural community. Nature (London) 345 63 65
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Woese C. R. 1987; Bacterial evolution. Microbiol. Rev. 51 221 271
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-1-174
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-1-174
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error