The syntrophic coculture, grown on caproate, was adapted to grow on crotonate. Then, was isolated in pure culture from crotonate bottle plates. A 16S rRNA sequence analysis of the pure subculture revealed that, as a member of the gram-positive phylum, it was not closely related to any of the species with which it was compared or to any of the other clusters in the gram-positive phylum with which it was compared. However, it was closely related to another syntrophic fatty acid-degrading bacterium, . On the basis of its phylogeny, physiology, and cell wall ultrastructure, we propose assignment of to gen. nov., nov. comb.


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