Representatives of (type strain DSM 43017), (type strain DSM 43044), and (type strain DSM 43671), together with 52 isolates from compost, manure, hay, and soil, were characterized by determining morphological, biochemical, and physiological properties, phage sensitivity, antibiotic activity, enzyme and protein patterns (polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis), and restriction patterns of chromosomal deoxyribonucleic acids. The type strain of proved to be identical to , and thus should be regarded as a synonym of . A total of 16 strains differed significantly from and and are proposed as members of a new species, (type strain, DSM 43769). Since the three species differ in phage sensitivity, production of antibiotic substances, and enzyme, protein, and deoxyribonucleic acid restriction patterns, these properties can be used for reliable species identification.


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