Bacterial strains in our culture collection similar to the recently proposed species were examined for generic relatedness. We compared these obligately thermophilic hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria by determing the electrophoretic patterns of enzymes and soluble proteins and by using deoxyribonucleic acid-deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization techniques. Included in the hybridization study together with these strains were members of the genera , and Our results confirmed that is a valid genus since no measurable reassociation was observed with the members of the other genera examined. There are two homology groups within the genus strain HS-5T (= ATCC 35263) (T = type strain) represents the type species of the genus, and sp. nov. is a second species proposed here. The type strain of is strain YS-4 (= ATCC 35265).


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