, a new species of cellulolytic, sporeforming, anaerobic bacteria, is described. The colonies produced by these bacteria in cellulose agar roll-tubes were spherical, translucent, unpigmented, and of granular appearance. Single cells of the bacterium were straight rods, 0.5 to 0.8 μm by 2 to 5 μm, peritrichous, and motile. Spherical terminal spores 1 to 1.2 μm in diameter were formed. Fermentation products from cellulose included hydrogen, carbon dioxide, ethanol, acetate, and lactate. The deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of the type strain of , NCIB 11394, is 30 mol% guanine plus cytosine. The specific epithet reflects the ability of the organism to ferment filter paper.


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