A new genus of cellulolytic, gram-negative, nonsporeforming, anaerobic bacteria is described. The colonies produced by these bacteria on cellulose agar were round, clear, translucent, and cream-colored and had an undulate margin. Single cells of the bacterium were straight to slightly curved rods 0.5 to 0.8 μm wide by 4 to 10 μm long and were motile by means of a single flagellum located one-third of the distance from the end of the cell. Among the various substrates tested, only cellulose, cellobiose, and salicin were able to support growth. The major fermentation products of cellobiose or cellulose degradation were acetic acid, hydrogen, and carbon dioxide. The deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of the type species was 38 mol% guanine plus cytosine. The name is proposed for this new genus, which is placed in the family . The type species, sp. nov., is named on the basis of its cellulolytic activity. The type strain of is CD2 (= NRC 2248).


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