1887

Abstract

Deoxyribonucleic acid reassociation was used to determine relatedness among protei and providenciae and between these organisms and other members of the family . The results indicate the following. (i), and are homogeneous species. (ii) , and Prov. alcalifaciens each contain more than one deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness group. (iii) A group of urea-positive strains previously called biogroup 5 are, in fact, members of . (iv) is a valid species. (v) Protei are only distantly related to all other . Taxonomic revisions consistent with these observations are discussed. These include a proposal to place the currently recognized species of into one of three genera: The genus , containing Hauser, Hauser, and Cosenza and Podgwaite; a separate genus Fulton, for (Winslow et al.) Yale; and the genus containing (De Salles Gomes) Ewing, (Buttiaux et al.) Ewing, and comb, nov.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-28-2-269
1978-04-01
2022-01-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/28/2/ijs-28-2-269.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-28-2-269&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Brenner D. J., Citarella R. V., Falkow S. 1968; Genetic and molecular relationships among the Enterobacteriaceae. Spisy Prirodoved. Fak. Univ. J. E. Purkyne Brne K43255–278
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brenner D. J., Fanning G. R., Johnson K. E., Citarella R. V., Falkow S. 1969; Polynucleotide sequence relationships among members of Enterobacteriaceae. J. Bacteriol. 98:637–650
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Britten R. J. 1968; An instructive glossary. Carnegie Inst. Washington Yearb. 66:68–73
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Britten R. J., Kohne D. E. 1966; Nucleotide sequence repetition in DNA. Carnegie Inst. Washington Yearb. 65:78–106
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Carpenter P. 1964; The Proteus-Providence group. Recent Adv. Clin. Pathol. Series 4:12–23
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Clausen T. 1968; Measurement of 32P activity in a liquid scintillation counter without the use of a scintillator. Anal. Biochem. 22:70–73
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Coetzee J. N. 1972; Genetics of the Proteus group. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 26:23–54
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Coetzee J. N. 1972; R. factors from Proteus rettgeri. J. Gen. Microbiol. 72:543–552
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Coetzee J. N., Datta N., Hedges R. W., Appelbaum P. C. 1973; Transduction of R factors in Proteus mirabilis and P. rettgeri. J. Gen. Microbiol. 76:355–368
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Cosenza B. J., Podgwaite J. D. 1966; A new species of Proteus isolated from larvae of the gypsy moth Porthetria dispar (L.). J. Microbiol. Serol. 32:187–191
    [Google Scholar]
  11. De Ley J. 1968 Dobzhansky T., Hecht M. K., Steere W. C.ed Evolutionary biology Appleton-Century-Crofts; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Edwards L. D., Cross A., Levin S., Landau W. 1974; Outbreak of a nosocomial infection with a strain of Proteus rettgeri resistant to many antimicrobials. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 61:41–46
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Edwards P. R., Ewing W. H. 1972 Identification of Enterobacteriaceae. , 3rd. Burgess Publishing Co.; Minneapolis:
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Ewing W. H. 1958; The nomenclature of the Proteus and Providence groups. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomenci. Taxon. 8:17–22
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Ewing W. H. 1962; The tribe Proteae: its nomenclature and taxonomy. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomenci. Taxon. 12:93–102
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Ewing W. H., Davis B. R. 1972; Biochemical characterization of the species of Proteus. Public Health Lab. 30:46–57
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Ewing W. H., Davis B. R., Sikes J. V. 1972; Biochemical characterization of Providentia. Public Health Lab. 30:25–38
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Ewing W. H., Tanner K. E., Dennard D. A. 1954; The Providence group: an intermediate group of enteric bacteria. J. Infect. Dis. 94:134–140
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Falkow S., Ryman I. R., Washington O. 1962; Deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of Proteus and Providence organisms. J. Bacteriol. 83:1318–1321
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Fulton M. 1943; The identity of Bacterium columbensis Castellani. J. Bacteriol. 46:79–82
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Hedges R. W. 1974; R factors from Providence. J. Gen. Microbiol. 81:171–181
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Hedges R. W., Datta H. 1973; R factors from Proteus morganii. J. Gen. Microbiol. 77:249–259
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Hill L. R. 1966; An index to deoxyribonucleic acid base compositions of bacterial species. J. Gen. Microbiol. 44:419–437
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Johnson R., Colwell R. R., Sakazaki R., Tamura K. 1975; Numerical taxonomy study of the- Enterobacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 25:12–37
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Kato Y., Bolton E. T. 1964; Relationships among some enterobacteria. Carnegie Inst. Washington Yearb. 63:372–373
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Kauffmann F. 1954 Enterobacteriaceae. , 2nd. Munksgaard; Copenhagen:
  27. Kholodkova E. V. 1972; Characteristics of enzymatic properties of a collection of bacteria of Providentia genus. Zh. Mikrobiol. Immunobiol. 49:50–53
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Laird C. D., McConaughy B. L., McCarthy B. J. 1969; On the rate of fixation of nucleotide substitutions in evolution. Nature (London) 224:149–154
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Lautrop H. 1974 Genus X. Proteus Hauser 1885, 12. 327–330 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E.ed Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8th. The Williams and Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Matsen J. M., Blazevic D. J., Ryan J. A., Ewing W. H. 1972; Characterization of indole-positive Proteus mirabilis. Appl. Microbiol. 23:592–594
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Namioka S., Sakazaki R. 1958; Etude sur les Rettgerella. Ann. Inst. Pasteur Paris 94:485–499
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Overturf G. D., Wilkens J., Ressler R. 1974; Emergence of resistance of Providencia stuartii to multiple antibiotics: speciation and biochemical characterization of Providencia. J. Infect. Dis. 129:353–357
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Pace B., Campbell L. L. 1971; Homology of ribosomal ribonucleic acid of diverse bacterial species with Escherichia coli and Bacillus stearothermophilus. J. Bacteriol. 107:543–547
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Penner J. L., Hinton N. A., Hennessy J. 1975; Biochemical differentiation of Proteus rettgeri. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1:136–142
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Penner J. L., Hinton N. A., Whiteley G. R., Hennessy J. N. 1976; Variation in urease activity of endemic hospital strains of Proteus rettgeri and Providencia stuartii. J. Infect. Dis. 134:370–376
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Proom H. 1955; Amine production and nutrition in the Providence group. J. Gen. Microbiol. 13:170–175
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Proom H., Woiwood A. J. 1951; Amine production in the genus Proteus. J. Gen. Microbiol. 5:930–938
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Rauss K. 1962; A proposal for the nomenclature and classification of the Proteus and Providencia groups. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomenci. Taxon. 12:53–63
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Sen R. 1962; Some observations on the biochemical characters of the Providence group of the family Enterobacteriaceae isolated in Ibadan, Nigeria. Indian J. Med. Res. 50:627–629
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Shaw C., Clarke P. H. 1965; Biochemical classification of Proteus and Providence cultures. J. Gen. Microbiol. 13:155–161
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Singer J., Bar-Chay J. 1954; Biochemical investigation of Providence strains and their relationship to the Proteus group. J. Hyg. 52:1–8
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Steigerwalt A. G., Fanning G. R., Fife-Asbury M. A., Brenner D. J. 1976; DNA relatedness among species of Enterobacter and Serratia. Can. J. Microbiol. 22:121–127
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Stuart C. A., Wheeler K. M., McGann V. 1946; Further studies on one anaerogenic paracolon organism, type 29911. J. Bacteriol. 52:431–438
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Ursing J. 1974; Biochemical study of Proteus inconstans (Providencia). Occurrence of urease positive strains. Acta. Pathol. Microbiol. Scand. Sect. B 82:527–532
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-28-2-269
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-28-2-269
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error