Five glucose-fermenting strains were isolated from the pharynx of dogs. Biological and serological studies demonstrated that this group of mycoplasmas was different from the established canine species and from other glucose-fermenting species of animal or human origin. The isolates appear to constitute a new species, for which the name is proposed (L. adj. , millst one-like; intended to refer to the heavy film reaction produced by the strains which resembles the pattern on the surface of a millstone). The type strain of is H 542 (=ATCC 27746; = NCTC 10144).


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