1887

Abstract

The NADase (Nga) of group A streptococci (GAS) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diseases such as streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome (STSS) and necrotizing fasciitis. In this study we found that the proportion of NADase-positive strains among clinical isolates in Japan has increased over time. The GAS strains studied could be divided into three groups: strains lacking NADase activity, strains with low NADase activity, and strains with high NADase activity. The older strains, isolated before 1989, belonged to the ‘no activity’ group. Analysis using GST–Nga recombinants revealed that alleles of representative older strains encode inactive Nga. Mutational analysis of the GST–Nga recombinants suggested that residue 330 could be associated with reduced activity, based upon deduced amino acid sequences. We also investigated NADase activity of streptococcal strains other than GAS. All group G streptococcal isolates from STSS patients possessed genes encoding active enzymes.

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2007-12-01
2019-10-16
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