1887

Abstract

is an economically important pathogen of poultry worldwide, causing respiratory infection and synovitis in chickens and turkeys. Identification of isolates is of critical importance, particularly in countries in which poultry flocks are vaccinated with the live attenuated strain MS-H. Using oligonucleotide primers complementary to the single-copy conserved 5′ end of the variable lipoprotein and haemagglutinin gene (), amplicons of ∼400 bp were generated from 35 different strains/isolates from chickens and subjected to mutation scanning analysis. Analysis of the amplicons by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) revealed 10 distinct profiles (A–J). Sequencing of the amplicons representing these profiles revealed that each profile related to a unique sequence, some differing from each other by only one base-pair substitution. Comparative high-resolution melting (HRM) curve analysis of the amplicons using SYTO 9 green fluorescent dye also displayed profiles which were concordant with the same 10 SSCP profiles (A–J) and their sequences. For both mutation detection methods, the Australian strains represented one of the A, B, C or D profiles, while the USA strains represented one of the E, F, G, H, I or J profiles. The results presented in this study show that the PCR-based SSCP or HRM curve analyses of provide high-resolution mutation detection tools for the detection and identification of strains. In particular, the HRM curve analysis is a rapid and effective technique which can be performed in a single test tube in less than 2 h.

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2007-08-01
2019-11-18
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