1887

Abstract

NhaB-like antiporters were the second described class of Na/H antiporters, identified in bacteria more than 20 years ago. While -like gene sequences have been found in a number of bacterial genomes, only a few of the NhaB-like antiporters have been functionally characterized to date. Although earlier studies have identified a few pH-sensitive and -insensitive NhaB-like antiporters, the mechanisms that determine their pH responses still remain elusive. In this study, we sought to investigate the diversities and similarities among bacterial NhaB-like antiporters, with particular emphasis on their pH responsiveness. Our phylogenetic analysis of NhaB-like antiporters, combined with pH profile analyses of activities for representative members of several phylogenetic groups, demonstrated that NhaB-like antiporters could be classified into three distinct types according to the degree of their pH dependencies. Interestingly, pH-insensitive NhaB-like antiporters were only found in a limited proportion of enterobacterial species, which constitute a subcluster that appears to have diverged relatively recently among enterobacterial NhaB-like antiporters. Furthermore, kinetic property analyses of NhaB-like antiporters at different pH values revealed that the degree of pH sensitivity of antiport activities was strongly correlated with the magnitude of pH-dependent change in apparent values, suggesting that the dramatic pH sensitivities observed for several NhaB-like antiporters might be mainly due to the significant increases of apparent at lower pH. These results strongly suggested the possibility that the loss of pH sensitivity of NhaB-like antiporters had occurred relatively recently, probably via accumulation of the mutations that impair pH-dependent change of in the course of molecular evolution.

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2013-10-01
2022-01-24
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