1887

Abstract

Various species of the plant genus are traditionally used as medicine for sundry ailments and some of them have been shown recently to quench the virulence of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Cell-to-cell communication mechanisms, quorum sensing (QS) in particular, are key regulators of virulence in many pathogenic bacteria. Screening n-hexane extracts of leaves, roots and bark of endemic Malagasy species for their capacity to antagonize QS mechanisms in PAO1 showed that many reduced the expression of the QS-regulated genes and . However, only the extract of bark (DTB) showed a significant reduction of QS gene expression without any effect on the gene encoding a QS-independent isocitrate lyase. Further characterization of DTB impact on QS revealed that the QS systems and are inhibited and that swarming, twitching, biofilm formation and the production of pyocyanin, elastase and proteases are also hampered in the presence of the DTB extract. Importantly, compared with the known QS inhibitor naringenin, the DTB extract showed a stronger negative effect on twitching, biofilm formation and tobramycin resistance. Preliminary structural characterization of these potent biofilm disrupters suggests that they belong to the phytosterols. The strong inhibition of motility and biofilm formation suggests that the DTB extract contains agents disrupting biofilm architecture, which is an important observation in the context of the design of new drugs targeting biofilm-encapsulated pathogens.

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2013-05-01
2019-10-23
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