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Abstract

DspA/E is a type III effector of , the bacterial pathogen that causes fire blight disease in roseaceous plants. This effector is indispensable for disease development, and it is translocated into plant cells. A DspA/E-specific chaperone, DspB/F, is necessary for DspA/E secretion and possibly for its translocation. In this work, DspB/F-binding sites and secretion and translocation signals in the DspA/E protein were determined. Based on yeast two-hybrid assays, DspB/F was found to bind DspA/E within the first 210 amino acids of the protein. Surprisingly, both DspB/F and OrfA, the putative chaperone of Eop1, also interacted with the C-terminal 1059 amino acids of DspA/E; this suggests another chaperone-binding site. Secretion and translocation assays using serial N-terminal lengths of DspA/E fused with the active form of AvrRpt2 revealed that at least the first 109 amino acids, including the first N-terminal chaperone-binding motif and DspB/F, were required for efficient translocation of DspA/E, although the first 35 amino acids were sufficient for its secretion and the presence of DspB/F was not required. These results indicate that secretion and translocation signals are present in the N terminus of DspA/E, and that at least one DspB/F-binding motif is required for efficient translocation into plant cells.

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2010-04-01
2019-10-14
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