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Abstract

Pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) is the active form of vitamin B and a cofactor for many essential metabolic processes such as amino acid biosynthesis and one carbon metabolism. 4’-deoxypyridoxine (4dPN) is a long known B antimetabolite but its mechanism of action was not totally clear. By exploring different conditions in which PLP metabolism is affected in the model organism K12, we showed that 4dPN cannot be used as a source of vitamin B as previously claimed and that it is toxic in several conditions where vitamin B homeostasis is affected, such as in a B auxotroph or in a mutant lacking the recently discovered PLP homeostasis gene, . In addition, we found that 4dPN sensitivity is likely the result of multiple modes of toxicity, including inhibition of PLP-dependent enzyme activity by 4’-deoxypyridoxine phosphate (4dPNP) and inhibition of cumulative pyridoxine (PN) uptake. These toxicities are largely dependent on the phosphorylation of 4dPN by pyridoxal kinase (PdxK).

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • Sapenza University (Award RM12117A610B653E)
    • Principle Award Recipient: RobertoContestabile
  • National Institute of General Medical Sciences (Award GM129793)
    • Principle Award Recipient: Valériede Crécy-Lagard
  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. This article was made open access via a Publish and Read agreement between the Microbiology Society and the corresponding author’s institution.
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2023-04-11
2024-06-22
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