1887

Abstract

Mastitis is the economically most important disease of dairy cows. This study used PacBio single-molecule real-time sequencing technology to sequence the full-length 16S rRNAs from 27 milk samples (18 from mastitis and nine from healthy cows; the cows were at different stages of lactation). We observed that healthy or late stage milk microbiota had significantly higher microbial diversity and richness. The community composition of the microbiota of different groups also varied greatly. The healthy cow milk microbiota was predominantly comprised of , , and , while the milk from mastitis cows was predominantly comprised of . The prevalence of and in the milk samples was confirmed by digital droplets PCR. Differences in the milk microbiota diversity and composition could suggest an important role for some these microbes in protecting the host from mastitis while others associated with mastitis. The results of our research serve as useful references for designing strategies to prevent and treat mastitis.

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (CN) (Award Grant CARS-36)
    • Principle Award Recipient: HepingZhang
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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.000968
2021-07-22
2021-07-29
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