1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: One hundred and ninety-one coded features of 21 strains of the genera , 18 of , 11 of , selected strains of , and other representative strains of the families Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonadaceae were subjected to Adansonian analysis, with the use of a high-speed computer for the establishment of Similarity (S) and Matching (M) coefficients and for the sorting of the strains into taxonomic clusters. From the frequency of occurrence of features computed for each of the clusters, tables were prepared which provided correlated characteristics suitable for the description of the clusters. Hypothetical median organisms were also computed for each of the clusters and actual strains were selected as neotypes for the new genera, and The genus includes the fast-growing rhizobia and the agrobacteria and contains at least four species: The genus is reserved for the slow-growing rhizobia which have been placed in the species and are removed from both and as defined in this study. The lack of significantly high inter-generic relationships amongst the members of the family Rhizobiaceae suggest revaluation of the family structure. From the results obtained here, the genera and appear more closely related to the members of the Pseudomonadaceae.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-51-2-245
1968-04-01
2021-10-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/51/2/mic-51-2-245.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-51-2-245&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Baird-Parker A. C. 1963; A classification of Micrococci and Staphylococci based on physiological and biochemical tests. J. gen. Microbiol 30:409
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Beijerinck M. W. 1888; Die Bacterien der Papilion Aceenknollchen Bot. Ztg 46:726741757781797
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology 1957, 7th edition. ed. by Breed R. S., Murray E. G. D., Smith N. R. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co;
  4. Bernaerts M. J., De Ley J. 1963; A biochemical test for crown gall bacteria. Nature, Lond 197:406
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bradshaw L. J. 1964 Laboratory Microbiology Philadelphia and London: W. B. Saunders Co;
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Buchanan R. E. 1926; What names should be used for the organisms producing nodules on the roots of leguminous plants?. Proc. Iowa. Acad. Sci 33:81
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Christensen W. B. 1946; Urea decomposition as a means of differentiating Proteus and paracolon cultures from each other and from Salmonella and Shigella. J. Bact 52:461
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Colwell R. R. 1964; A study of features used in the diagnosis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J. gen. Microbiol 37:181
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Colwell R. R., Liston J. 1961; Taxonomic relationships among the pseudomonads. J. Bact 82:1
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Colwell R. R., Mandel M. 1965; Adansonian analysis and deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of Serratia marcescens. J. Bact 89:454
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Colwell R. R., Quadling C. 1962; Miniature tubes in diagnostic bacteriology. Can. J. Microbiol 8:813
    [Google Scholar]
  12. De Ley J. 1964; Effect of mutation on DNA-composition of some bacteria. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 30:281
    [Google Scholar]
  13. De Ley J., Rassel A. 1965; DNA composition, flagellation and taxonomy of the genus Rhizobium. J. gen. Microbiol 41:85
    [Google Scholar]
  14. De Ley J., Bernaerts M., Rassel A., Guilmot J. 1966a; Approach to an improved taxonomy of the genus Agrobacterium. J. gen. Microbiol 43:7
    [Google Scholar]
  15. De Ley J., Park I. W., Tijtgat R., van Ermengem J. 1966b; DNA homology and taxonomy of Pseudomonas and Xanthomonas. J. gen. Microbiol 42:43
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Fred E. B., Baldwin I. L., McCoy E. 1932; Root Nodule Bacteria and leguminous plants. Univ. Wise. Stud. Sci no. 5
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Foley J. M., Perret C. J. 1962; Screening colonies for penicillinase production. Nature, Lond 195:287
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Gordon R. E., Mihm J. M. 1959; A comparison of four species of Mycobacteria. J. gen. Microbiol 21:736
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Graham P. H. 1964; The application of computer techniques to the taxonomy of the root-nodule bacteria of legumes. J. gen. Microbiol 35:511
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Graham P. H., Parker C. A. 1964; Diagnostic features in the characterisation of the root-nodule bacteria of legumes. Pl. Soil 22:383
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Haynes W. C. 1951; Pseudomonas aeruginosa—its characterisation and identification. J. gen. Microbiol 5:939
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Hugh R. 1965; A comparison of Vibrio cholerae Pacini and Vibrio eltor Pribram. Int. Bull. bact. Nomen. Taxon 15:61
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Hugh R., Leifson E. 1953; The taxonomic significance of fermentative versus oxidative metabolism of carbohydrates by various Gram-negative bacteria. J. Bact 66:24
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Koser S. A. 1924; Correlation of citrate utilization by members of the colon-aerogenes group with other differentiating characteristics and with habitat. J. Bact 9:59
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Krieg R. E., Lockhart W. R. 1966; Classification of Enterobacteria based on overall similarity. J. Bact 92:1275
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Lange R. T. 1961; Nodule bacteria associated with the indigenous Leguminosae of south-western Australia. J. gen. Microbiol 26:351
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Lederberg J. 1950; Isolation and characterization of biochemical mutants of bacteria. Meth. med. Res 3:5
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Leifson E. 1951; Staining, shape and arrangement of bacterial flagella. J. Bact 62:377
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Liston J., Wiebe W., Colwell R. R. 1963; Quantitative approach to the study of bacterial species. J. Bact 85:1061
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Löhnis F., Hansen R. 1921; Nodule bacteria of leguminous plants. J. agric. Res 20:543
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Manual of Microbiological Methods 1957 Society of American Bacteriologists New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co;
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Moeller V. 1955; Simplified test for some amino acid decarboxylases and for the arginine dihydrolase system. Acta path, microbiol. scand 36:158
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Paton A. M. 1959; Enhancement of pigment production of Pseudomonas. Nature, Lond 184:1254
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Paton A. M. 1960; The role of Pseudomonas in plant disease. J. appl. Bact 23:526
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Schroeter J. 1886; Die Pilze Schlesiens. Cohn's Kryptogamen—Flora von Schlesien Bog 9:135
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Shewan J. M., Hodgkiss W., Liston J. 1954; A method for the rapid differentiation of certain non-pathogenic asporogenous bacilli. Nature, Lond 173:208
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Shimwell J. L., Carr J. G., Rhodes M. E. 1960; Differentiation of Acetomonas and Pseudomonas. J. gen. Microbiol 23:283
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Sierra G. 1957; A simple method for the detection of lipolytic activity of micro-organisms and some observations on the influence of the contact between cells and fatty substrates. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 23:15
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Silvestri L., Turri M., Hill L. R., Gilardi E. 1962; A quantitative approach to the systematics of Actinomycetes based on overall similarity. Symp. Soc. gen. Microbiol 12:333
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Simmons S. S. 1926; A culture medium for differentiating organisms of the typhoid-colon aerogenes groups and for isolation of certain fungi. J. infect. Dis 39:209
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Sneath P. H. A. 1957; The application of computers to taxonomy. J. gen. Microbiol 17:201
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Sneath P. H. A. 1960; A study of the bacterial genus Chromobacterium. Iowa State J. Sci 34:243
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Starr M. P. 1947; The causal agent of bacterial root and stem disease of Guayule. Phytopathology 37:291
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Sokal R. R., Sneath P. H. A. 1963 Principles of Numerical Taxonomy San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Co;
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Thornley M. 1960; The differentiation of Pseudomonas from other Gram-negative bacteria on the basis of arginine metabolism. J. appl. Bact 23:37
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-51-2-245
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-51-2-245
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error