1887

Abstract

Bacterial accommodation to moderate concentrations of cadmium is accompanied by transient activation of general stress proteins as well as a sustained induction of other proteins of hitherto unknown functions. One of the latter proteins was previously identified as the product of the ORF. The ORF encodes 216 aa residues (the YodA protein) and the increased synthesis of YodA during cadmium stress was found probably to be a result of transcriptional activation from one single promoter upstream of the structural gene. Analysis of a transcriptional gene fusion, PZ, demonstrated that basal expression of is low during exponential growth and expression is increased greater than 50-fold by addition of cadmium to growing cells. However, challenging cells with additional metals such as zinc, copper, cobalt and nickel did not increase the level of expression. In addition, hydrogen peroxide also increased expression whereas the superoxide-generating agent paraquat failed to do so. Surprisingly, cadmium-induced transcription of is dependent on and , but independent of . Moreover, a double mutation abolished induction of during cadmium exposure but ppGpp is not sufficient to induce since expression of the gene is not elevated during stationary phase. After 45 min of cadmium exposure the YodA protein was primarily detected in the cytoplasmic fraction but was later (150 min) found in both the cytoplasmic and periplasmic compartments.

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2002-12-01
2020-04-09
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