1887

Abstract

Two evolutionary mechanisms have been proposed in the process of protein diversification of the large family of antimicrobial toxins of , known as the colicins. Data from previous studies suggest that the relatively rare nuclease colicins appear to diversify primarily through the action of positive selection, whilst the more abundant pore-former colicins appear to diversify through the action of recombination. The complete DNA sequence of the newly characterized colicin plasmid, pCol-Let, isolated from a Yanomama Indian of South America, is presented here. This plasmid encodes a newly identified pore-former colicin, colicin Y. DNA and protein sequence comparisons of the colicin Y gene cluster and the encoded proteins with those of published pore-former colicins provide the first evidence that positive selection may also act to increase pore-former colicin diversity.

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2000-07-01
2020-04-02
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