The cells of var. responded to the presence of cytochalasin D (CD), an inhibitor of actin polymerization, by the disappearance of contractile actin rings (ARs) that had already formed and by inhibition of new ring formation. Actin cables disappeared. Actin patches remained preserved and became co-localized with regions of actual cell wall formation (at cell poles and at the site of septum development). Removal of the AR arrested formation of the primary septum and led to the production of aberrant septum protrusions in that region. Nuclear division was accomplished in the presence of CD but new ARs were not produced. The wall (septum) material was deposited in the form of a wide band at the inner surface of the lateral cell wall in the cell centre. This layer showed a thin fibrillar structure. The removal of CD resulted in rapid formation of new ARs in the equatorial region of the cells. This implies that the signal for AR localization was not abolished either by CD effects or by removal of an AR already formed. Some of the newly developed ARs showed atypical localization and orientation. In addition, redundant, subcortically situated actin bundles were produced. The removal of CD was quickly followed by the development of primary septa co-localized with ARs. Wall protrusions occurred co-localized with the redundant actin bundles. If these were completed in a circle, redundant septa developed. The AR is a mechanism which, in time and space, triggers cytokinesis by building a septum sequentially dependent on the AR. Aberrant septa were not capable of separating daughter cells. However, non-separated daughter cells subsequently gave rise to normal cells.


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