1887

Abstract

Three influenza C virus strains (C/Yamagata/1/92, C/Yamagata/1/93 and C/Miyagi/5/93) isolated in Yamagata and Sendai Cities, Japan, between June 1992 and May 1993 were found to possess haemagglutinin–esterase glycoproteins that were antigenically indistinguishable from one another but were clearly different from any previous Japanese isolates. To investigate the origin of the 1992/1993 strains, their antigenic and genetic properties were compared with those of eight strains isolated outside Japan between 1967 and 1982. The results showed that the 1992/1993 isolates were closely related to a virus isolated in Brazil in 1982 (C/SaoPaulo/378/82) and that these viruses (including C/SaoPaulo/378/82) are reassortants that had obtained PB1 and NP genes from a C/Yamagata/26/81-like parent and the other genes from another as yet unidentified parent.

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2000-06-01
2019-12-13
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