1887

Abstract

The extracellular matrix produced by B-1, an environmental strain that forms robust floating biofilms, was purified, and determined to be composed predominantly of -polyglutamate (-PGA), with a molecular mass of over 1000 kDa. Both biofilm formation and -PGA production by B-1 increased with increasing Mn or glycerol concentration. -PGA was produced in a growth-associated manner in standing culture, and floating biofilms were formed. However, -PGA was produced in a non-growth-associated manner in shaking culture conditions. When B-1 was grown in a microaerated culture system, floating biofilm formation and -PGA production were significantly retarded, suggesting that oxygen depletion is involved in the initial steps of floating biofilm formation in standing culture. Proteomic analysis of membrane proteins demonstrated that flagellin, oligopeptide permease and Vpr protease precursor were the major proteins produced by cells in a floating biofilm and a colony.

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2006-09-01
2019-10-17
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