1887

Abstract

Type 1 fimbriae of facilitate attachment to the host mucosa and promote biofilm formation on abiotic surfaces. The transcriptional regulator LrhA, which is known as a repressor of flagellar, motility and chemotaxis genes, regulates biofilm formation and expression of type 1 fimbriae. Whole-genome expression profiling revealed that inactivation of results in an increased expression of structural components of type 1 fimbriae. , LrhA bound to the promoter regions of the two recombinases (FimB and FimE) that catalyse the inversion of the promoter, and to the invertible element itself. Translational fusions with these genes and quantification of transcript levels by real-time PCR showed that LrhA influences type 1 fimbrial phase variation, primarily via activation of FimE, which is required for the ON-to-OFF transition of the switch. Enhanced type 1 fimbrial expression as a result of disruption was confirmed by mannose-sensitive agglutination of yeast cells. Biofilm formation was stimulated by inactivation and completely suppressed upon LrhA overproduction. The effects of LrhA on biofilm formation were exerted via the changed levels of surface molecules, most probably both flagella and type 1 fimbriae. Together, the data show a role for LrhA as a repressor of type 1 fimbrial expression, and thus as a regulator of the initial stages of biofilm development and, presumably, bacterial adherence to epithelial host cells also.

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2005-10-01
2020-04-02
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