1887

Abstract

Glycosyl hydrolases and transferases are crucial for the formation of a rigid but at the same time plastic cell wall in yeasts and fungi. The glucan hydrolase family 17 (GH17) contains the soluble cell-wall proteins Scw4p, Scw10p, Scw11p and Bgl2p. For Bgl2p, endoglucanase/glucanosyltransferase activity has been demonstrated, and Scw11p has been shown to be involved in cell separation. Here, Scw4p and Scw10p, which show 63 % amino acid identity, were characterized. and single mutants were sensitive towards cell-wall destabilizing agents, suggesting a role in cell-wall assembly or maintenance. Simultaneous deletion of and showed a synergistic effect, and activated the cell-wall compensatory mechanism in a PKC1-dependent manner. Both the amount of cell-wall chitin and the amount of mannoproteins attached to chitin were increased in mutant . Deletion of proved the critical role of chitin in . However, the mannoprotein Sed1p and the glucan synthase Fks2p were also crucial for cell-wall stability in mutant . The exchange of two conserved glutamate residues localized in the putative catalytic domain of GH17 family members strongly suggests that Scw10p acts as a 1,3--glucanase or as a 1,3--glucanosyltransferase. In addition, the synthetic interactions between Bgl2p and Scw10p which support a functional cooperation in cell-wall assembly were analysed. The data suggest that Scw4p and Scw10p act as glucanases or transglucosidases in concert with other cell-wall proteins to assure cell-wall integrity.

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2004-10-01
2021-10-20
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