1887

Abstract

The outer membrane lipoprotein RcsF is an essential component of the Rcs phosphorelay signal transduction system in . It senses stresses imposed on the cell envelope and conveys the information to histidine kinase RcsC in the cytoplasmic membrane. Mislocalization of RcsF to the periplasm, effected by fusing it to the periplasmic maltose-binding protein, or to the cytoplasmic membrane, brought about by changing the lipoprotein sorting signal, leads to high activation of the Rcs system, suggesting that RcsF functions as a ligand for RcsC in activating the system. Here, we focus on the proline-rich region (PRR) in the N-terminal half of RcsF, a region which also contains many basic amino acid residues. Deletion of the PRR in the mislocalized RcsF resulted in even higher activation of the Rcs system. The same deletion in wild-type RcsF lipoprotein that is correctly localized to the outer membrane, however, blocked activation of the system under stresses that normally should activate it. It is highly likely that the PRR plays an important role in the regulation of the function of RcsF in activating the Rcs system.

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2013-09-01
2019-10-23
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