1887

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to determine how quorum sensing (QS) affects the production of secondary metabolites in strain PA23. A mutant (PA23) and an -acylhomoserine lactone (AHL)-deficient strain (PA23-6863) were generated that no longer inhibited the fungal pathogen . Both strains exhibited reduced pyrrolnitrin (PRN), phenazine (PHZ) and protease production. Moreover, and transcription was significantly reduced in PA23 and PA23-6863. As the majority of secondary metabolites are produced at the onset of stationary phase, we investigated whether cross-regulation occurs between QS and RpoS. Analysis of transcriptional fusions revealed that RpoS has a positive and negative effect on and , respectively. In a reciprocal manner, RpoS is positively regulated by QS. Characterization of a double mutant showed reduced antifungal activity as well as PRN and PHZ production, similar to the QS-deficient strains. Furthermore, but not was able to complement the double mutant for the aforementioned traits, indicating that the Phz QS system is a central regulator of PA23-mediated antagonism. Finally, we discovered that QS and RpoS have opposing effects on PA23 biofilm formation. While both QS-deficient strains produced little biofilm, the mutant showed enhanced biofilm production compared with PA23. Collectively, our findings indicate that QS controls diverse aspects of PA23 physiology, including secondary metabolism, RpoS and biofilm formation. As such, QS is expected to play a crucial role in PA23 biocontrol and persistence in the environment.

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2012-04-01
2019-10-18
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