1887

Abstract

The halophilic archaeon contains three operons encoding 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase complexes (OADHCs) OADHC1–OADHC3. However, the biological role of these OADHCs is not known as previous studies have demonstrated that they cannot use any of the known OADHC substrates. Even the construction of single mutants in all three operons, reported recently, could not identify a substrate. Therefore, all three possible double mutants and a triple mutant were generated, and single, double and triple mutants were compared to the wild-type. The four mutants devoid of a functional OADHC1 had a reduced growth yield during nitrate-respirative growth on tryptone. A metabolome analysis of the medium after growth of the triple mutant in comparison to the wild-type revealed that the mutant was unable to degrade isoleucine and leucine, in contrast to the wild-type. It was shown that mutants were unable to grow in synthetic medium on isoleucine, in contrast to the other mutants and the isogenic parent strain. However, all strains grew indistinguishably on valine and leucine. The transcript of the operon was highly induced during growth on isoleucine. However, attempts to detect enzymic activity were unsuccessful, while the branched-chain OADHC (BCDHC) of could be measured easily. Therefore, the growth capability of the triple mutant and the wild-type on the two first degradation intermediates of isoleucine was tested and provided further evidence that OADHC is involved in isoleucine degradation. Taken together, the results indicate that OADHC1 is a specialized BCDHC that uses only one (or maximally two) of the three branched-chain 2-oxoacids, in contrast to BCDHCs from other species.

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2010-02-01
2020-01-20
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