is a marine heterotrophic bacterium with widespread distribution − from temperate to tropical oceans, and from surface to deep waters. Strains of exhibit considerable genomic and metabolic variability, and can grow rapidly on diverse organic compounds. is a model organism for the study of population genomics, physiological adaptations and microbial interactions, with individual genomes encoding diverse phenotypic traits influenced by recombination and horizontal gene transfer.

This study was supported by the:
  • Israel Science Foundation (Award 1786/20)
    • Principle Award Recipient: SherDaniel
  • Simons Foundation (Award Early Career Investigator award)
    • Principle Award Recipient: BillerSteven J.
  • US National Science Foundation (Award OCE-2049004)
    • Principle Award Recipient: BillerSteven J.
  • Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (Award PID2020-118052GB-I00)
    • Principle Award Recipient: Rodriguez-ValeraFrancisco
  • Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (Award PID2020-118052GB-I00)
    • Principle Award Recipient: López-PérezMario
  • Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft (Award PoF-IV Topic 6.1)
    • Principle Award Recipient: WietzMatthias
  • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Award WI3888/1-2)
    • Principle Award Recipient: WietzMatthias
  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License. This article was made open access via a Publish and Read agreement between the Microbiology Society and the corresponding author’s institution.

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