1887

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori lacks the genes involved in the de novo synthesis of thiamin, and is therefore a thiamin auxotroph. The PnuT transporter, a member of the Pnu transporter family, mediates the uptake of thiamin across the membrane. In the genome of H. pylori , the pnuT gene is clustered with the thiamin pyrophosphokinase gene thi80. In this study, we found that [H]thiamin is incorporated into the H. pylori SS1 strain via facilitated diffusion with a K m value of 28 µM. The incorporation of radioactive thiamin was inhibited to some extent by 2-methyl-4-amino-5-hydroxymethylpyrimidine or pyrithiamine, but was largely unaffected by thiamin phosphate or thiamin pyrophosphate. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that the pnuT and thi80 genes are cotranscribed as a single transcript. The estimated K m value for thiamin in the thiamin pyrophosphokinase activity exerted by the recombinant Thi80 protein was 0.40 µM, which is much lower than the K m value of thiamin transport in H. pylori cells. These findings suggested that the incorporated thiamin from the environment is efficiently trapped by pyrophosphorylation to make the transport directional. In addition, the thiamin transport activity in the pnuT-deficient H. pylori strain was less than 20 % of that in the wild-type strain at extracellular thiamin concentration of 1 µM, but the incorporated scintillation signals of the pnuT-deficient strain with 100 nM [H]thiamin were nearly at the background level. We also found that the pnuT-deficient strain required 100-times more thiamin to achieve growth equal to that of the wild-type. These findings reflect the presence of multiple routes for entry of thiamin into H. pylori , and PnuT is likely responsible for the high-affinity thiamin transport and serves as a target for antimicrobial agents against H. pylori .

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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.000765
2019-01-08
2019-09-22
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